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Quick answer
"Baking soda" is a noun which is often translated as "el bicarbonato", and "shortening" is a noun which is often translated as "la manteca". Learn more about the difference between "baking soda" and "shortening" below.
baking soda(
bey
-
kihng
 
so
-
duh
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (chemistry or culinary)
a. el bicarbonato
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The cake recipe calls for a teaspoon of baking soda.La receta de pastel pide una cucharadita de bicarbonato.
b. el bicarbonato de sodio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I'm going to use baking soda to scrub this frying pan.Voy a usar bicarbonato de sodio para fregar esta sartén.
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shortening
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (culinary)
a. la manteca
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(animal)
We baked pumpkin cookies made of pumpkin, shortening, and granulated sugar.Hicimos unas galletas de calabaza que llevan calabaza, manteca y azúcar granulado.
b. la grasa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I made some delicious quince tarts with less shortening than usual.Preparé unos deliciosos pastelillos de membrillo con menos grasa que lo habitual.
c. la materia grasa
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What kind of shortening should I use for this recipe?¿Qué tipo de materia grasa me conviene usar para esta receta?
2. (making shorter)
a. el acortamiento
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Christmas lights make the shortening of the days more bearable.Las luces navideñas hacen que el acortamiento de los días sea más soportable.
b. la reducción
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Lead poisoning causes a shortening of attention span.La intoxicación por plomo provoca una reducción de la capacidad de atención.
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