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Quick answer
"Background" is a noun which is often translated as "el fondo", and "that" is a conjunction which is often translated as "que". Learn more about the difference between "background" and "that" below.
background(
bahk
-
graund
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (backdrop)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The set provided a beautiful background for the actors on stage.El decorado ofrecía un fondo hermoso para los actores que estaban en el escenario.
2. (origin)
a. el origen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The members of our group have diverse ethnic backgrounds.Los miembros de nuestro grupo tienen orígenes étnicos diversos.
3. (experience)
a. la experiencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What sort of background does she have?¿Qué tipo de experiencia tiene?
b. la formación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He has a background in economics.Su formación fue como economista.
4. (upbringing)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He's British and comes from a working class background.Él es británico y de familia de clase obrera.
She comes from a musical background.Se crió en un ambiente musical.
5. (context)
a. los antecedentes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I recommend that book if you're interested in the background to the Wall Street crash.Te recomiendo ese libro si estás interesado en los antecedentes del crac de Wall Street.
6. (inconspicuous position)
a. el segundo plano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She had no ambitions and always preferred to stay in the background.No tenía ninguna ambición y siempre prefirió quedarse en un segundo plano.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (contextual)
a. ambiental
I prefer to listen to background music while I study.Mientras estudio prefiero escuchar música ambiental.
b. previo
He wanted to test his students' background knowledge of the subject.Quería evaluar los conocimientos previos de los estudiantes sobre el tema.
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that(
thaht
)
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (used to introduce a subordinate clause)
a. que
She said that she wanted to sleep.Dijo que quería dormir.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
2. (used to introduce a relative clause)
a. que
The dress that you saw yesterday was mine.El vestido que viste ayer era mío.
3. (demonstrative)
a. eso (neuter)
Bring me that.Tráeme eso.
b. ese (masculine)
That is my ball.Ese es mi balón.
c. esa (feminine)
That is my apple.Esa es mi manzana.
d. aquello (neuter)
Bring me that over there.Tráeme aquello de allá.
e. aquel (masculine)
That over there is my ball.Aquel de allá es mi balón.
f. aquella (feminine)
That over there is my apple.Aquella de allá es mi manzana.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
4. (demonstrative)
a. ese (masculine)
That man is my father.Ese hombre es mi padre.
b. esa (feminine)
That woman is my mother.Esa mujer es mi madre.
c. aquel (masculine)
That man over there is my father.Aquel hombre de allá es mi padre.
d. aquella (feminine)
That woman over there is my mother.Aquella mujer de allá es mi madre.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
5. (very)
a. tan
Big Ben is not that tall.La torre del Big Ben no es tan alta.
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