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Quick answer
"Background" is a noun which is often translated as "el fondo", and "atmosphere" is a noun which is often translated as "la atmósfera". Learn more about the difference between "background" and "atmosphere" below.
background(
bahk
-
graund
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (backdrop)
a. el fondo
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The set provided a beautiful background for the actors on stage.El decorado ofrecía un fondo hermoso para los actores que estaban en el escenario.
2. (origin)
a. el origen
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The members of our group have diverse ethnic backgrounds.Los miembros de nuestro grupo tienen orígenes étnicos diversos.
3. (experience)
a. la experiencia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
What sort of background does she have?¿Qué tipo de experiencia tiene?
b. la formación
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
He has a background in economics.Su formación fue como economista.
4. (upbringing)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He's British and comes from a working class background.Él es británico y de familia de clase obrera.
She comes from a musical background.Se crió en un ambiente musical.
5. (context)
a. los antecedentes
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
I recommend that book if you're interested in the background to the Wall Street crash.Te recomiendo ese libro si estás interesado en los antecedentes del crac de Wall Street.
6. (inconspicuous position)
a. el segundo plano
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
She had no ambitions and always preferred to stay in the background.No tenía ninguna ambición y siempre prefirió quedarse en un segundo plano.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
7. (contextual)
a. ambiental
I prefer to listen to background music while I study.Mientras estudio prefiero escuchar música ambiental.
b. previo
He wanted to test his students' background knowledge of the subject.Quería evaluar los conocimientos previos de los estudiantes sobre el tema.
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atmosphere(
aht
-
muhs
-
fir
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
1. (air)
a. la atmósfera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The atmosphere of Mars is quite thin.La atmósfera de Marte es muy escasa.
2. (ambience)
a. el ambiente
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
Tony enjoys the erudite atmosphere at the university.Tony disfruta del ambiente erudito en la universidad.
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