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"Back down" is an intransitive verb phrase which is often translated as "echarse atrás", and "back out" is an intransitive verb phrase which is also often translated as "echarse atrás". Learn more about the difference between "back down" and "back out" below.
back down(
bahk
 
daun
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to withdraw)
a. echarse atrás
The insurance company finally backed down and agreed to pay the customer's claim.Al final, la empresa de seguros se echó atrás y aceptó pagar lo que reclamaba el cliente.
b. dar marcha atrás
The government is refusing to back down on its proposals for labor union reform.El gobierno se niega a dar marcha atrás en sus propuestas para la reforma sindical.
c. echarse para atrás
We have to find a way of getting her to back down without losing face.Tenemos que conseguir que se eche para atrás sin quedar mal.
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back out(
bahk
 
aut
)
An intransitive verb phrase is a phrase that combines a verb with a preposition or other particle and does not require a direct object (e.g. Everybody please stand up.).
intransitive verb phrase
1. (to withdraw)
a. echarse atrás
He said he was going to help make dinner, and then he backed out.Dijo que iba a ayudar a preparar la cena y luego se echó atrás.
b. volverse atrás
Robert backed out of the fight when he learned who he'd be boxing.Robert se volvió atrás de la pelea cuando se enteró de con quién iba a boxear.
c. retirarse
I don't feel safe in this neighborhood anymore and I may back out of my lease agreement.Ya no me siento seguro en este barrio y a lo mejor me retiro de mi contrato de arrendamiento.
2. (auotmobile)
a. salir marcha atrás
Stephanie backed out of the garage and drove to work.Stephanie salió marcha atrás del garaje y se dirigió al trabajo.
b. salir de reversa
Regionalism used in Colombia
(Colombia)
Regionalism used in Mexico
(Mexico)
The bus couldn't fit in the tunnel, so it backed out.El camión no cabía en el túnel, por lo que salió de reversa.
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