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Quick answer
"Último" is an adjective which is often translated as "last", and "final" is an adjective which is often translated as "final". Learn more about the difference between "último" and "final" below.
último(
ool
-
tee
-
moh
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (final)
a. last
Este es el último chocolate de la caja.This is the last chocolate in the box.
2. (last in a set)
a. bottom
Cuidado, que el último escalón tiene un tablón flojo.Be careful; the bottom step has a loose board.
b. top
El cine está arriba en el último piso.The theater is up on the top floor.
c. back
No me gusta sentarme en la última fila del autobús; está muy cerca al baño.I don't like sitting in the back row of the bus; it's really close to the bathroom.
3. (most recent)
a. latest
Su última película se trata de un soldado en Rusia.His latest movie is about a soldier in Russia.
b. last
Esta última semana ha sido muy estresante.This last week has been very stressful.
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final(
fee
-
nahl
)
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (last)
a. final
La construcción del edificio está en su fase final.The construction of the building is in its final phase.
b. ultimate
Mi objetivo final es dirigir esta empresa.My ultimate target is to run this company.
2. (grammar)
a. indicating purpose
En la oración "vinimos para ganar", "para ganar" es una subordinada final.In the sentence "vinimos para ganar," "para ganar" is a clause indicating purpose.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
3. (last part)
a. end
¿Viste el final de la película?Did you see the end of the film?
b. ending (of a book, movie, series)
Me gustan las películas con final feliz.I love films with a happy ending.
c. finale (of a show or composition)
El final del espectáculo fue apoteósico.The finale of the show was tremendous.
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
4. (sports)
a. final
Tenemos dos entradas para ver la final de la Champions.We have two tickets to see the Champions Cup final.
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