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Quick answer
"Este" is a noun which is often translated as "east", and "está" is a phrase which is often translated as "he's". Learn more about the difference between "este" and "está" below.
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (compass point)
a. east
La "E" en la brújula significa "este".The "E" on the compass means "east."
2. (direction)
a. east
La ventana de nuestra habitación daba hacia el este.Our bedroom window opened to the east.
3. (region)
a. east
Los que viven en el este de la ciudad tienen un acento diferente a los demás.The people who live in the city's east have a different accent compared to the rest.
4. (wind)
a. east wind
El este trajo una plaga de langostas.The east wind brought with it a plague of locusts.
An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
5. (in or from the east)
a. eastern
La zona este de la ciudad tiene unos restaurantes excelentes.The eastern part of the city has some excellent restaurants.
b. east
El lado este de la bahía es el lugar perfecto para nadar.The east side of the bay is the perfect place for swimming.
c. easterly
Es mejor ir en dirección este si quieres evitar el bosque.It's better to go in an easterly direction if you want to stay clear of the forest.
6. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este año acabo la universidad.I finish university this year.
Esta libreta no es mía.This notebook isn't mine.
A pronoun is a word that stands in for a noun (e.g. she).
7. (demonstrative)
a. this
Este no es el plato que pedí.This is not the meal I ordered.
Esta no es la camisa que quería.This is not the shirt I wanted.
b. this one
Me voy a llevar este; el gorro chico no me queda.I'm going to take this one; the small hat doesn't fit me.
¿Qué falda te gusta más? - Esta es muy bonita.Which skirt do you like better? - This one is really pretty.
An interjection is a short utterance that expresses emotion, hesitation, or protest (e.g. Wow!).
8. (conversational filler)
a. um
¿A qué hora llega tu jefe? - Este, no estoy segura.What time does your boss arrive? - Um, I'm not sure.
b. er
¿Te gusta mi nuevo corte de cabello? - Este, claro que sí.Do you like my new haircut? - Er, of course.
A proper noun refers to the name of a person, place, or thing.
proper noun
9. (region of the world)
a. East
Comerciantes medievales viajaban hacia el Este en búsqueda de especies y sedas.Medieval merchants traveled to the East in search of spices and silks.
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A phrase is a group of words commonly used together (e.g once upon a time).
1. (used to express location; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
¿Dónde está Joaquín? - Está en el baño.Where's Joaquin? - He's in the bathroom.
b. she's (feminine)
Mi mamá no está en casa. Está en el centro comercial.My mom is not home. She's at the mall.
c. it's
¿Dónde está la aspiradora? - Está en mi habitación.Where's the vacuum cleaner? - It's in my room.
d. is
La Puerta de Brandenburgo está en Berlín.The Brandenburg Gate is in Berlin.
2. (used to express a quality; third person singular)
a. he's (masculine)
Francisco no vino a clases porque está enfermo.Francisco didn't come to school because he's sick.
b. she's (feminine)
Conozco a esa mujer. Está casada con un amigo.I know that woman. She's married to a friend of mine.
c. it's
No puedes abrir la lavadora cuando está lavando.You can't open the washer when it's running.
d. is
Mi celular está roto. Tengo que llevarlo a arreglar.My cellphone is broken. I need to get it fixed.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(used to express location; second person singular)
a. you're
Si está cerca, puedo recogerlo con mi coche.If you're close, I can pick you up.
A word or phrase used to refer to the second person formal “usted” by their conjugation or implied context (e.g. usted).
(used to express a quality;second person singular)
a. you're
Si está con hambre, podemos ir a cenar ahora.If you're hungry, we can go have dinner now.
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