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Quick answer
"Época" is a noun which is often translated as "period", and "periodo" is a noun which is also often translated as "period". Learn more about the difference between "época" and "periodo" below.
época(
eh
-
poh
-
kah
)
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
1. (duration of time)
a. period
La universidad fue la mejor época de mi vida.College was the best period of my life.
b. time
En esa época, no sabía realmente lo que quería de una relación.At that time, I didn't know what I really wanted in a relationship.
c. age
El siglo pasado fue una época de conflictos en Europa.Last century was an age of conflicts in Europe.
d. epoch (formal)
Los dinosaurios vagaban el planeta en una época antigua.Dinosaurs roamed the planet in an ancient epoch.
2. (time of year)
a. season
La época de sequía de Ecuador comienza en junio.Ecuador's dry season begins in June.
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periodo(
peh
-
ryoh
-
doh
)
A masculine noun is used with masculine articles and adjectives (e.g. el hombre guapo, el sol amarillo).
1. (portion of time)
a. period
El certificado es válido durante un periodo de dos meses desde su fecha de expedición.The certificate is valid for a period of two months after the date of issue.
b. time
En estos momentos, estamos atravesando un periodo bastante malo.Right now, we're going through quite a rough time.
c. term (of a position)
Los diputados al Parlamento Europeo son elegidos por un período de cinco años.The European Parliament deputies are elected for a five year term.
2. (season)
a. period
El periodo de exámenes comienza a finales de junio.The examination period starts at the end of June.
3. (historical epoch)
a. period
La Revolución Industrial supuso un periodo de grandes cambios socioeconómicos.The Industrial Revolution was a period of deep socioeconomic change.
4. (geological time)
a. period
El periodo jurásico duró millones de años.The Jurassic period lasted for millions of years.
5. (menstruation)
a. periodo
Cuando no le vino el periodo, supo que estaba embarazada.She knew she was pregnant when she didn't get her period.
6. (physics)
a. period
La frecuencia y el periodo de una onda son recíprocos entre sí.The frequency and period of a wave are reciprocals of each other.
7. (mathematics)
a. period
El periodo del número 5.213213213213 es 213.The period of the number 5.213 213213213 is 213.
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