HomeQ&ASubjuctive vs. Indicative

Subjuctive vs. Indicative

0
votes

Could someone explain to me the difference between the subjunctive and the indicative'

1872 views
updated JUN 16, 2009
posted by Scott-Somerfleck

4 Answers

0
votes

Subjunctive: I hope (that) it will rain/Yo espero que llueva. Your not stating that it will rain. For all you know it might not rain. Therefore, the statement is indefinite.

Me alegra que vinieras

The other person definitely came, so it is not indefinite, and yet, it is subjunctive. The explanation is that we don't declare it, because we don't intend to inform about the other person coming, but simply mention it to make a statement about how we feel about it.

updated JUN 16, 2009
posted by lazarus1907
0
votes

indicative=definite subjunctive=indefinite

Indicative: It will rain/lloverá . Your stating that it will rain, definitely.
Subjunctive: I hope (that) it will rain/Yo espero que llueva. Your not stating that it will rain. For all you know it might not rain. Therefore, the statement is indefinite.

Click on yipyip's link it'll show you the basics.

updated JUN 16, 2009
posted by ravensty
0
votes

Indicative is used for declarations, i.e. when we want others to know what we think, guess, know,... about something.
Subjunctive is used when we don't declare things in subordinate clauses.

See previous posts to see more examples on how to use this "rule".

updated JUN 16, 2009
posted by lazarus1907
0
votes

Check out this site's reference section, there is also a video lesson on it, too if you go through the course.

http://www.spanishdict.com/reference/verbs/subjunctive

updated JUN 16, 2009
posted by yipyip
SpanishDict is the world's most popular Spanish-English dictionary, translation, and learning website.
© Curiosity Media Inc.