Where should I place the adjective...?

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In this sentence, should it be "Marta miró su programa favorita" or "Marta miró su favorita programa"'

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updated ENE 15, 2009
posted by Bay

4 Answers

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Hmm... wow. There's more to this than I thought. Thank you both.

updated ENE 15, 2009
posted by Bay
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The position of adjectives can often change the meaning.

El pobre hombre lloraba.
El hombre pobre lloraba.

The first one means "poor man" in the sense that we feel sorry for him, as in "You poor thing!" The second one means "poor man" in the sense of poverty, having no money.

There are quite a few adjectives like this one.

Furthermore, the position can change the nuance. Although the general rule is that adjectives follow the noun, they sometimes do not. For example, we say la blanca nieve, not la nieve blanca, because everyone knows that snow is white. Saying la nieve blanca is like saying "the snow that is white," which makes the listener think, "As opposed to what other color'"

There are other cases when the adjective precedes the noun.

updated ENE 15, 2009
posted by 00bacfba
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That's what I thought, but I needed to be sure. And thanks for the tip about 'favorito' being masculine. I thought it was a typo or something, but I guess not. Thanks!

updated ENE 15, 2009
posted by Bay
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Either one works, but the first would be preferred.

Also, it would be "programa favorito". A lot of Spanish nouns that end in "..ma" are masculine. They're from the Greek.

updated ENE 15, 2009
posted by CalvoViejo