Tensos de verbos

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"Solo la separacion prolongada podia explicar su enamoramiento por Juliana: si durmiese abrazado a su mujer eso jamas hubiese sucedio."

No entiendo "durmiese" y "hubiese". Esta oracion es de Zorro por Isabel Allende. Puede ayudarme'

5408 views
updated FEB 24, 2014
posted by Chris

6 Answers

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By the way there's no such thing as TENSOS. In Spanish we say: TIEMPOS de los verbos or tiempos verbales.

updated FEB 24, 2014
edited by El_Mexicalense
posted by El_Mexicalense
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You can change durmiese for durmiera and hubiese for hubiera. Both ways are correct in the same tense. ....if he slept hugging his woman,that never would have happend. Saludos!

updated FEB 24, 2014
posted by El_Mexicalense
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Chris said:

Thanks. I guessed that, but why does my verb book give durmiera and hubiera?

The imperfect subjunctive has two endings: -era and -ese, and for "proper" subjunctive uses they are perfectly interchangeable:

fuera / fuese
comiera / comiese
viera / viese
tuviera / tuviese

updated NOV 4, 2008
posted by lazarus1907
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You can find several discussions on the -r formation of the subjunctive versus the -s formation, if you use the "Search Forum" box. Here's one such discussion:

[url=http://my.spanishdict.com/forum/topic/show'id=1710195%3ATopic%3A474984]http://my.spanishdict.com/forum/topic/show'id=1710195%3ATopic%3A474984[/url]

Chris said:

Thanks. I guessed that, but why does my verb book give durmiera and hubiera?

>

updated NOV 4, 2008
posted by Natasha
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Thanks. I guessed that, but why does my verb book give durmiera and hubiera'

updated NOV 4, 2008
posted by Chris
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The correct term is "tiempos verbales". "Tensos" is only used for physical forces (e.g. muscular tension).

"Durmiese" is the imperfect subjunctive of "dormir" (sleep) and when this tense follows "si", it is used for hypothetical conditions, i.e. highly improbable or just impossible. "Hubiese" is the same tense, but here it is the same as "it would have...", providing the outcome for the hypothetical condition.

updated NOV 4, 2008
posted by lazarus1907