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verbs and tenses

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when do i use the.....infinitive? the present participle? the past participle? the imperfect? the preterite? the conditional'......and the subjunctive? and the imperative? and what are perfect tenses'

1865 views
updated AGO 22, 2008
posted by Jackie

1 Answer

1
vote

Answering your question with all the details is enough to fill over 2000 pages, so I'll give you some general guidelines:

Perfect tenses are constructed with the verb "haber" (to have) used as an auxiliary:

comer - to eat
he comido - I have eaten
has comido - you have eaten
ha comido - he/she have eaten
...

Infinitives are used with certain verbs and phrases, like "tener que" (to have to), "deber" (should), and in other cases which I can't mention without typing for half an hour.

Tengo que ir = I have to go
Debo ir = I should go

Also, infinitives often replace English gerunds:

Eating is good = Comer es bueno
I like eating = Me gusta comer

The other tenses... well... there are countless threads dedicated to a specific use of just one tense. Surely you don't expect us to explain here how to use all tenses, right?

Check the grammar reference of this forum for details, and come back with more specific questions.

Your initial question is harder to answer than "Can you explain to me all the theorems and laws used in Maths and Physics'".

updated SEP 16, 2014
posted by lazarus1907
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