Imperfect verbs.

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Which verbs almost always, or commonly, use the imperfect tense? And, how do you conjugate ir in the present (or past; either or) progressive?

For example: nacer and tener (I believe - when talking about birthdays; don't take my word for it) use the imperfect tense more often than the preterite.

Thanks in advance.

9359 views
updated AGO 29, 2009
posted by TheNewbAvenger

1 Answer

0
votes

Nacer would not normally be used in the imperfect because it means to be born. That only happens once and it is a completed past action. That would more than likely be used in the preterite. The imperfect is used to talk about habitual past actions, describe what something was like, or to express a continuing past action.(Something that went on over a non-specified period of time.) The preterite has a definite past time expression either expressed or implied, whereas the imperfect may include a general past time expression.

Yo nací hace veinte años. I was born 20 years ago.
When you talk about how old someone was, generally you would use the imperfect because the age went on for a year. Ella tenía 5 años. It gives the setting to the story that you are telling.

The past participle of ir is ido and it would be used with a form of haber to form the present perfect.
he ido
has ido
ha ido
hemos ido
habéis ido
han ido

The present participle of ir is yendo and is used with a form of estar to form the present progressive.
estoy yendo
estás yendo
está yendo
estamos yendo
estáis yendo
están yendo

Here is a link to the verb conjugator that can be found in the "lessons."
[url=http://learnspanish.spanishdict.com/lessons/page/show'id=1710195%3APage%3A3370]http://learnspanish.spanishdict.com/lessons/page/show'id=1710195%3A...[/url]

updated AGO 29, 2009
posted by Cherry