Gender of nouns
No one has answered my question regarding noun prefixes. Are all male nouns assumed to have the "el" prefix and all female nouns the "la" prefix even if not the prefix is not shown in a Spanish dictionary? The grammar rules are unclear and do not specifically say that this is so. The grammar rules only refer to gender and not the prefixes.
The grammar term usually used is definite articles. Prefixes are a subject of morphology such as des, in, sub, etc.
Yes, all nouns have gender.
No, the noun is not always preceded by the definite article.
When a masculine noun is preceded by a definite article it normally uses the masculine definite article (el).
When a feminine noun is preceded by a definite article it normally uses the feminine definite article la. There are exceptions: such as when feminine nouns that begin with an "a" or "ha" and have that syllable stressed are preceded by the masculine definite article. e.g. el agua (agua is a feminine noun)
adjectives used as nouns may be preceded by the neuter definite article lo. e.g. lo importante
To answer your question as it is worded: no. There are rules for using the definite articles with nouns. They are not built-into the noun. That is why the dictionary says that a noun is masculine or feminine (gender). It does not say it is el+noun or la + noun
I think you question is unclear. I went back and read your previous question. It's seems you're asking about when to use the articles in front of the nouns. Is this right?
If so... there have been other questions about this, most reference this article.
That is the name of the section you want to see.
If you are also asking about whether or not all nouns that are identified as masculine use ''el'' as a definite article and all nouns that are identified as feminine use ''la'' as a definite article, the answer is yes except for the exceptions that qfreed mentioned.
However, in addition, please note that if the noun is plural, then the definite article must also be plural:
el (masculine singular)
los (masculine plural)
la (feminine singular)
las (feminine plural)
the book = el libro
the books = los libros
the house = la casa
the houses = las casas
And, as others have said, the definite article is not always used in front of nouns.
I recommend that you read the article megan5 suggested for when to use and not use definite articles.
BTW, welcome to the SpanishDict forum!
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