What does tienes que mean
What does tienes que mean in a sentence?
Para que aprender español tienes que estudiar. In order to learn spanish you have to study. Tienes que = you have to in the familiar form. Tiene que = he/she has to etc.
You must ..
You have to ....
The use/application of tener que compared with hay que
I feel it is necessary to add that tener que = you must is more emphatic
than hay que = to be necessary, whereas hay que is less personal and so people are less inclined to get offended if you use hay que as it sounds less like a command:
for example: tienes que ...hacer las compras/ir de compras
= You have to do the shopping
hay que hacer las compras
= The shopping needs to be done/it is necessary to do the shopping
I am open to correction on this
Tener que = personal obligation where as hay que = necessary to e.g. Para llegar a mi casa hay que coger el autobús numero 7. To get to mi house you or one needs to catch the number 7 bus.