What are the meanings of "ten" and "tenga?"
What do the words ten & tenga mean
They are both conjugations of the verb "tener." Both can be used as commands (imperative) in either the second person singular informal "tú form" (ten) or second person singular formal "usted form" (tenga). In addition, "tenga" is also the first person singular and third person singular (or 3rd person singular formal - i.e. "usted" form) subjunctive verb forms. Some examples of how these can be used are:
Qué tenga un buen día - Have a good day
Qué tenga buen viaje - Have a good trip
Ten/tenga cuidado - Be careful
Ten/tenga paciencia - Be patient (have patience)
Tenlo por seguro - You can be sure about that/that's for sure
They are commands from the verb "tener."
"¡Ten cuidado!" Be careful (informal)
"¡Tenga cuidado!" Be careful (formal)
Both "ten" and "tenga" are conjugations of the verb "tener," which means "to have."
Ten is an imperative conjugation, which means it is used to command someone to have something (often seen with the word cuidado, roughly meaning take care).
Tenga is the first or third person singular subjunctive conjugation.