el uso de subjuntivo y condicional
Am I using the subjuntivo and condicional correctly in this sentence or should I use the subjuntivo imperfecto?
"si entregue el texto hoy resultaría fatal gramaticalmente."
El subjuntivo del español me vuelvo loca!
The present subjunctive never follows a "si"; use the imperfect subjunctive.
Si entregara el texto hoy, resultaría fatal gramaticalmente.
Qfreed, you sent me a PM about this, but did you know you have return PM's blocked?
What did you not agree with in my answer? Is it because I used imperfect subjuncitve + condititional? I think it's fine to say "If I were to turn in the text today, it would turn out awful gramatically." Your version of the sentence would work fine too, but maybe carry a slightly different meaning.
The first test with if clauses is to decide if the condition is real (possible) or contrary-to-fact (unreal/impossible).
If I turn in the text today (possible)...use the indicative mood.
Si entrego el texto hoy resultará fatal gramaticalmente.
Now, if you said "If I had turned it in yesterday (you didn't)" then it is an unreal situation and needs the subjunctive mood.
III. Real vs. unreal conditions
A real condition is one which may actually come about or at least is viewed as a possibility; thus, in Spanish, the indicative is normally used both in the ifclause and in the main part of the sentence:
Si ella viene mañana, iremos al cine.
If she comes tomorrow [she may actually come], we will go to the movies.
Si nieva mucho, podré esquiar.
If it snows a lot [it may really snow], I can ski.
Note that the English versions of the above conditions suggest the indicative by the lack of hypothesis-suggesting words such as would, and by not using the past tense to refer to a present-time situation.
In contrast, an unreal or contrary-to-fact condition is one which will not come about or is viewed as being completely hypothetical. In this case, the if clause in normally in a past subjunctive tense, and the main verb is in a conditional tense.
1. Present or future time situations. The imperfect subjunctive is used in the if clause, and the conditional in the main clause: Si yo fuera rico compraría un coche.
If I were rich [I am not rich] I would buy a car.
¿Qué harías si fueras presidente?
What would you do if you were president? [you aren't]
Si Juana estuviera aquí, ¿le dirías la verdad?
If Juana were here [she isn't here], would you tell her the truth?
Past time situations. Past perfect subjunctive in the if clause, conditional perfect in the main clause: Si la hubiera visto, habría dicho algo.
If I had seen her [I didn't see her] I would have said something.
Si hubieras venido, te habrías divertido mucho.
If you had come [you didn't come] you would have had a great time.
¿Habrías ido a la fiesta si yo la hubiera planeado?
Would you have gone to the party if I had planned it? [I didn't plan it]