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what is the difference between eres and estas?

what is the difference between eres and estas?

1
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when would I use the verb eres in a conversation and when is it appropriate to use the verb estas? Do they mean the same thing in Engilish?

77540 views
updated OCT 6, 2012
posted by courtneyhill

6 Answers

0
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Estas and Eres both mean "to be" when translated over, but they both have different purposes. Eres is derived from the verb "Ser", which is used to describe permanent and normal features. Estas is derived from the verb "Estar", and is used to describe temporary or changing features, like feelings, or having the seasonal flu. For example:

"Tú eres bonita." You are beautiful. (always)

What if we changed the verb? would the meaning change?

"Tú estás bonita." You are beautiful (right now).

I certainly think it does change meaning. Saying the latter quote is almost like saying "You aren't always beautiful, but right now, you are." It's not totally inappropriate however. Say if you were with your wife at the salon, and she asked if her hair looked better after the haircut, then it would be appropriate to use the verb "estar".

Another good example can tell us that some adjectives change meaning when using either "Ser" or "Estar".

"Mi Amiga es (Ser) lista." My friend is clever/smart.

"Mi Amiga está (Estar) lista." My friend is ready.

So, remember that the verb "Ser" is always used to describe a normal, permanent feature, and "Estar" is used for temporary and changing features.

updated OCT 6, 2012
edited by bazilar
posted by bazilar
0
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Generally estar is for more temporary things and ser is for more permanent things, but of course there are exceptions.

Here's a link that will explain it better. Hope this helps!

updated MAY 16, 2010
edited by bmancornelious
posted by bmancornelious
0
votes

The two verbs ser and estar are both equivalent to the verb to be in English, but have different meanings in Spanish. When you are describing something, ser usually refers to permanent qualities, while estar would refer to more conditional qualities.

For example: using the verb ser, the sentence "Tú eres bonita" would mean "you are beautiful" or rather you are a naturally beautiful person.

If you use estar instead, the same sentence has a different meaning. "Tú estás bonita" would be closer to "you are beautiful right now", but it is not referring to a permanent characteristic of that person.

updated MAY 16, 2010
edited by Delta33
posted by Delta33
0
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The use of ser = permanence in being: characteristics, qualities, etc. The use of Estar = states of being: conditions, locations, emotion, current actions, etc.

I hope that makes some sense.

updated MAY 15, 2010
posted by Tpalmer20
0
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"eres" denotes a quality, "estás" are referred to a state in a specified time or in a particular place

It is not the same in either English or Spanish.

updated MAY 15, 2010
posted by megapyme
0
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First, estas is not a verb, estás is. Secondly, eres is the ver ser, and of course, estás is the verb estar. In English there is only one verb meaning to be, but in Spanish there are two, ser and estar. In English they mean the same, but in Spanish, they do not.

updated MAY 15, 2010
posted by Jack-OBrien
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