imperfect subjunctive, pluscuam subjunctive, or condicional.

imperfect subjunctive, pluscuam subjunctive, or condicional.


Si me (decir) ____ la verdad ayer, les (escuchar) ____.

Use imperfect subjunctive, pluscuam subjunctive, or condicional

updated MAR 17, 2010
posted by rocketdartwar

1 Answer


Si me hubieran dicho la verdad ayer, les habría eschuchado.

If they had told me the truth yesterday, I would have listened to them.

That is conditional perfect; not conditional.

The action is in the past, not referring to the present or future.

Contrast it with the present:

Si me dijera la verdad, les escucharía.

If they told me the truth, I would listen to them.

In contrast, an unreal or contrary-to-fact condition is one which will not come about or is viewed as being completely hypothetical. In this case, the “if” clause in normally in a past subjunctive tense, and the main verb is in a conditional tense.

  • Present or future time situations. The imperfect subjunctive is used in the “if” clause, and the conditional in the main clause:

  • Si yo fuera rico compraría un coche.

    If I were rich [I am not rich] I would buy a car.

  • ¿Qué harías si fueras presidente?

What would you do if you were president? [you aren't]

  • Si Juana estuviera aquí, ¿le dirías la verdad?

    If Juana were here [she isn't here], would you tell her the truth?

    Past time situations. Past perfect subjunctive in the “if” clause, conditional perfect in the main clause:

  • Si la hubiera visto, habría dicho algo.

    If I had seen her [I didn't see her]

    I would have said something.

  • Si hubieras venido, te habrías divertido mucho.

    If you had come [you didn't come] you would have had a great time.

  • ¿Habrías ido a la fiesta si yo la hubiera planeado?

Would you have gone to the party if I had planned it? [I didn't plan it]

updated MAR 17, 2010
edited by 0074b507
posted by 0074b507
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