A cognate is a word that sounds like its translation ... car - carro, etc.
There are some interesting patterns within verbs that can immediately add to you vocabulary just by learning them.
English verbs that end in -ate, most often end in -ar in Spanish ... contemplate = contemplar, originate = originar, matriculate = matricular, etc. This is very prevalent pattern.
English verbs that end in -pose, most often end in -poner in Spanish ... pose = poner, compose = componer, depose = deponer, repose = reponer, impose = imponer, etc. This pattern is much less prevalent.
English verbs that end in -press, most often end in -primir in Spanish ... primir = press, imprimir = impress, comprimir = compress, deprimir = depress, etc.
In the last two cases it is really a matter of the root (pose = poner, press = primir) plus a prefix, or suffix.
Semi interesting and quite useful to immediately improve vocab
Espero que esto le haya ayudado