how do you conjugate commands?
i have a pretty good idea, but i'm not exactly sure.
for example-hablar-conjugated regularly as "you speak/talk" -hablas
hablar conjugated as a command - hables-telling the person "to speak"
hables, por favor
repiten-regular conjugation in the ustedes form - they repeat
repitan - conjugated as a command - all of you repeat this.
for example, my spanish teacher says this all the time "repitan, por favor" when we go over vocabulary.
i hope this has helped.
1. To conjugate the commands is depending how we want to address the people:
If we want to respect the old people or just want to show respect to anyone use USTED/USTEDES.
To form the command of Ud. and Uds. If the infinitive end in AR, drop the add add E
Ex: like NADAR = NADE
If the infinitive end in IR/ER, drop the ER/IR add A = Ex: comer = coma ----- vivir = viva
To form negative command of Ud. and Uds. just add NO in front of a conjugated verb Ex: no viva .......
2 If we want to give a command to a friend or anyone that we see them daily, use Tú COMMAND. To form a tú command, just go to the tú form of the conjugatedsverbs, then drop the S. Ex: comes = come --- nadas = nada ---- haces = hace....
To form negative, put NO in front of the conjugated verbs then add: ES for infinitive end in AR ---- Ex: no dades AS for infinitive end in ER ---- EX: no comas AS for infinitive end in IR ---- Ex: no vivias
Note: The ER/IR verbs have the same ending
Marianne's link is to a discussion on formal or polite commands. Don't overlook the informal command and the indirect commands listed among the other grammar topics on the lefthand menu.
Here is the corresponding link to the informal commands and indirect commands in case you missed them..
Here are some lessons on formal and informal commands.