HomeQ&ASuperlative Adjectives

Superlative Adjectives

Overview

In general, there are three ways to compare nouns: the comparison of equality (as...as), the comparison of inequality (more/less than), and the superlative (the most/least). This reference describes the last form of the comparisons, how to form it, and when to use it.

Superlative Adjectives

Superlatives indicate the maximum amount of an adjective, usually described as "the most" or "the least" of something. To form the superlative in Spanish, use the following formulas:

Superlative Formula

menos + adjective + de (least...of) OR más + adjective + de (most of)

  • Mi hermano es la persona menos responsable de la familia. (My brother is the least responsible person of the family.)
  • Mi madre es la persona más inteligente de la familia. (My mother is the most intelligent person of the family.)

Short Superlatives

You can also form a superlative by adding -ísimo(s) or ísima(s) to an adjective. This can translate to mean "very," "really," "extremely," "super," or any other "ultimate" word you can think of.

  • ¡Esa comida es buenísima! (This food is the best!)
  • Estoy encantadísimo. (I am extremely delighted.)
  • Las chicas allí son bellísimas. (Those girls over there are really beautiful.)
  • Los abogados estan ocupadísimos. (The lawyers are super busy.)

Below you will find a list of some irregular adjectives when it comes to the ísimo/a superlatives.

Irregular Superlatives

cómico funny comiquísimo hilarious
blanco white blanquísimo bright white
fresco fresh fresquísimo super fresh
largo long larguísimo very long
amargo bitter amarguísimo really bitter
antiguo old antiquísimo very old
agradable nice agradablísimo super nice
feliz happy felicísimo extremely happy
caliente hot calentísimo really hot

Exercises

1) For each sentence, translate the English superlative in parenthesis.

Example: Esta es (the oldest) iglesia en la ciudad. -> Esta es la más vieja iglesia en la ciudad.

  1. La Navidad es (the best) día del año.
  2. Soy (the worst) jugador de fútbol en el mundo.
  3. Esos tomates son (very fresh).
  4. ¡Ay! Mi café está (really hot).
  5. El español es (the most romantic) idioma.

Answers

  1. La Navidad es el mejor día del año.
  2. Soy el peor jugador de fútbol en el mundo.
  3. Esos tomates son fresquísimos.
  4. ¡Ay! Mi café está calentísmio.
  5. El español es el más romántico idioma.
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updated AGO 18, 2012
edited by martha-sd
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