temper

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temper(
tehm
-
puhr
)
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
noun
1. (disposition)
a. el carácter
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Louis is so handsome! - Sure, but he has a vile temper.¡Louis es superapuesto! - Claro, pero tiene un carácter pésimo.
This breed of dog has a really sweet temper.Esta raza de perro tiene un carácter muy lindo.
b. el humor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Neil usually has a good temper. He doesn't anger easily.Neil normalmente está de buen humor. No se enoja fácilmente.
c. el genio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
Juanita is learning to control her temper.Juanita está aprendiendo a controlar su genio.
2. (bad mood)
a. el mal genio
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
He may have a temper, but we win our matches because of him.Puede ser que tenga mal genio, pero ganamos los partidos gracias a él.
b. la furia
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(F)
His fit of temper got him thrown out of the club.Su ataque de furia fue el motivo de su expulsión del club.
c.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He flew into a temper when the referee gave him a red card.Montó en cólera cuando el árbitro le puso tarjeta roja.
It's impossible to get a child to take his medicine when he's in a temper.Es imposible conseguir que un niño tome su medicina cuando está furioso.
3. (composure)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
He lost his temper and the championship when a fan provoked him.Perdió los estribos y el campeonato cuando un fan lo provocó.
She kept her temper throughout the hearing.Mantuvo la calma durante toda la audiencia.
4. (hardness, elasticity)
a. el temple
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
There are various techniques for changing the temper of metal.Hay varias técnicas para cambiar el temple del metal.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
5. (to moderate)
a. suavizar
Let us temper our criticism with kindness.Templemos nuestra crítica con amabilidad.
b. atenuar
He tempered his remarks about his predecessor. He could have been much more brutal.Atenuó sus comentarios acerca de su antecesor. Pudo haber sido mucho más brutal.
c. atemperar
You may want to temper your enthusiasm, because you have not won yet.Te convendría atemperar el entusiasmo, porque todavía no has ganado.
d. templar
It takes real discipline and maturity to temper your passions.Se requiere de verdaderas disciplina y madurez para templar las pasiones.
e. moderar
You should temper your comments to stop fostering a culture of negativity.Debes moderar tus comentarios para dejar de propiciar una cultura negativa.
6. (to harden or strengthen)
a. templar
We temper the glass we use in our phones to make them stronger and more resistant to heat.Templamos el vidrio que usamos en los teléfonos para hacerlos más fuertes y más resistentes al calor.
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temper
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
Noun
1. (character)
a. el carácter
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
2. (mood)
a. el humor
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
(M)
3. (bad mood)
a. mal humor
to be in a good/(bad) temperestar de buen/mal humor
to keep one's tempermantener la calma
to lose one's temperperder los estribos
to have a short tempertener mal genio
to fly into a temperponerse hecho(a) una furia
4. (colloquial)
a.
temper, temper!¡calma, calma!
temper tantrumrabieta f
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
5. (steel)
a. templar
6. (action)
a. moderar, mitigar
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
temper [ˈtempəʳ]
noun
1 (nature) carácter (m); genio (m); (mood) humor (m)
to be in a temper estar furioso; to be in a good/bad temper estar de buen/mal humor; to keep one's temper no perder la calma; contenerse; to lose one's temper perder los estribos; to have a quick temper tener genio; in a fit of temper en un acceso de furia or ira; to fly into a temper ponerse furioso; montar en cólera
mind your temper! temper, temper! ¡contrólate or controla ese genio!
2 [of metal] temple (m)
transitive verb
1 (moderate) [+remarks] suavizar; atenuar; [+energy, enthusiasm] atemperar
to temper justice with mercy templar la justicia con la compasión
2 (soften) [+metal] templar
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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