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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to wind)
a. to twist
Retorció el alambre con un alicate.He twisted the wire with a pair of pliers.
b. to wring
Lisandro retorció la camiseta mojada y la colgó en el tendedero.Lisandro wrung his wet t-shirt and hung it on the clothesline.
2. (to distort)
a. to twist
Eso no es lo que yo dije. No retuerzas mis palabras.That's not what I said. Don't twist my words.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
3. (to contort)
a. to writhe
El caracol se retorció cuando le eché sal encima.The snail writhed when I put salt on it.
4. (to squirm)
a. to writhe (in pain)
"Me duele la panza", dijo Tomás mientras se retorcía en su cama."My tummy hurts," said Tomás as he writhed on his bed.
b. to double up (with laughter)
Andrea contó un chiste tan gracioso que me retorcí de la risa.Andrea told a joke so funny that made me double up with laughter.
5. (to get into knots)
a. to get tangled
¡Los cables de mis auriculares siempre se retuercen!My headphone wires always get tangled!
b. to get twisted
El sedal de la caña de pescar se retorció y la terminé cortando.The fishing line got twisted and I ended up cutting it.
A reflexive verb is a verb that indicates that the subject performs an action on itself (e.g. Miguel se lava.).
6. (to play with)
a. to twirl
El filósofo se retorcía el bigote mientras reflexionaba.The philosopher twirled his mustache as he pondered.
b. to twiddle
Natalia se retorcía el cabello porque la clase le parecía aburrida.Natalia was twiddling her hair because the class was boring.
c. to wring (hands)
Verónica estaba impaciente y se retorcía las manos.Veronica was impatient and wrung her hands.
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A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (torcer; brazo, alambre)
a. to twist
2. (ropa, cuello)
a. to wring
3. (tergiversar)
a. to twist
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
4. (de risa)
a. to double up
5. (de dolor)
a. to writhe about
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 [+brazo] to twist; [+manos, lavado] to wring; [+hebras] to twine; twine together
retorcerle el pescuezo a algn to wring sb's neck (familiar)
2 [+argumento] to turn; twist; [+sentido] to twist
pronominal verb
1 [+cordel] to get into knots; get tangled (up) o twisted
2 [+persona] to writhe; squirm
retorcerse de dolor to writhe in pain; retorcerse de risa to double up with laughter
retorcer el bigote to twirl one's moustache
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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