privar
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
privar(
pree
-
kahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (to dispossess; used with "de")
a. to deprive of
El acusado fue privado injustamente de su libertad.The accused was unjustly deprived of his liberty.
b. to take away
No hay que privar a nadie de sus derechos.We must not take away anybody's rights.
2. (to fire; used with "de")
a. to dismiss from
No esperaba que me privaran de mi puesto.I wasn't expecting to be dismissed from my job.
3. (to prohibit; used with "de")
a. to forbid
Los médicos privaron al paciente del tabaco y del consumo de alcohol.The doctors forbade the patient to smoke and consume alcohol.
4. (to leave unconscious)
a. to knock out
El boxeador privó a su contrincante con el último golpe.The boxer knocked out his opponent with his last punch.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
5. (to prevail)
a. to be popular
En las bodas privan los vestidos largos.Long dresses are popular at weddings.
6. (to be trendy)
a. to be in
Este año privan las barbas.Beards are in this year.
b. to be in fashion
Estos son los colores que privarán este verano.These are the colors that will be in fashion this summer.
7.
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
(to please)
Regionalism used in Ecuador
(Ecuador)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to really like
Me priva escuchar ópera.I really like listening to opera.
b. to love
A Valeria le privan las almendras.Valeria loves almonds.
8.
A very informal word or phrase used by a particular group or community as a substitute for standard language (e.g. joint, john).
(slang)
(to drink)
Regionalism used in Spain
(Spain)
a. to booze
A word or phrase that is commonly used in conversational speech (e.g. skinny, grandma).
(colloquial)
Santiago no paró de privar anoche.Santiago didn't stop boozing last night.
b. to drink
A mi tío le va privar en un bar que está cerca de casa. Allí lo encontraremos.My uncle likes drinking in a bar that's near his home. We'll find him there.
privarse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
9. (to abstain; used with "de")
a. to deprive oneself of
No te prives de todo lo que te gusta. ¡Disfruta de la vida!Don't deprive yourself of everything you like. Enjoy life!
b. to give up
Decidí privarme de ciertos alimentos para mantenerme en forma.I decided to give up certain foods in order to stay fit.
c. to go without
No me di cuenta de que mi hermana se privaba de comer para alimentar a su familia.I didn't realize that my sister was going without food to feed her family.
d. to want for
Como ves, los animales de este parque zoológico no se privan de nada .As you can see, the animals at this zoo want for nothing.
10. (to lose consciousness)
a. to be knocked out
El niño se privó por el golpe.The boy was knocked out by the blow.
11. (to sleep)
Regionalism used in Central America: Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, and Panama
(Central America)
a. to fall asleep
Llegando del viaje, se acostó en el sofá y se privó.On ariving home from the trip, he lay down on the sofa and fell asleep.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
privar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
1. (general)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
privar a alguien/algo deto deprive somebody/something of
privar a alguien de hacer algoto forbid somebody to do something
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
2. (gustar)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
le privan los pasteleshe adores cakes
3. (estar de moda)
a. to be in (fashion)
4. (beber)
a. to booze
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
5. (general)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
privarse deto go without
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
privar
transitive verb
1 (despojar)
privar a algn de algo to deprive sb of sth; take sth away from sb; privar a algn del conocimiento to render sb unconscious; lo privaron del carnet de conducir they suspended his driving licence; they took away his driving licence; quedaron privados de electricidad they were without electricity; nos vimos privados de su compañía we found ourselves deprived of her company
nos vemos privados de ... se vieron privados de la victoria se vieron privados de cualquier contacto con el exterior
2 (prohibir)
privar a algn de hacer algo to forbid sb to do sth; prevent sb from doing sth; no me prives de verte don't forbid me to come to see you; don't tell me not to come again
3 (impedir) to prevent
lo cual me privó de verlos which prevented me from seeing them
4 (extasiar) to delight; overwhelm
intransitive verb
1 (gustar mucho)
las motos me privan I'm mad about motorbikes (familiar)
2 (estar de moda) to be in fashion; be the thing; be all the rage (familiar)
en ese periodo privaba la minifalda at that time miniskirts were in o were all the rage (familiar); la cualidad que más priva entre ellos the quality which is most strongly present in them; priva en algunos públicos it's popular with some audiences
pronominal verb
privarse
privarse de algo (abstenerse) to deprive o.s. of sth; (renunciar) to give sth up; forgo sth; no se privan de nada they don't want for anything; they lack nothing
se privaba de la merienda y se la daba todos los días a las ovejas no se privó de llamarme déspota o dictador estuvo reivindicativo y no se privó de hacer una alusión maliciosa al alcalde. No hay periodista que se precie de su éxito que se prive de emitir su opinión,
privar
transitive verb
intransitive verb
(beber) to booze (familiar)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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