Possible Results:
Presentyoconjugation ofexplicar.
Preteriteél/ella/ustedconjugation ofexplicar.


A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to give an explanation)
a. to explain
¿Me puede explicar cómo funciona?Could you explain to me how it works?
2. (to give instruction)
a. to teach
La profesora explicó la primera lección del libro en clase.The teacher taught the first lesson of the book in class.
b. to lecture in
El profesor explicó la teoría de la relatividad.The teacher lectured in the theory of relativity.
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
3. (to give an explanation)
a. to explain oneself
¿Qué quiere decir con eso? Explíquese.What do you mean by that? Explain yourself.
4. (to make out)
a. to understand
No se explican cómo los ladrones pudieron entrar al banco.They can't understand how the thieves broke into the bank.
5. (to express)
a. to make oneself understood
Nadie está siguiendo mis instrucciones; no he conseguido explicarme.Nobody is following my instructions; I failed to make myself understood.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (exponer, contar)
a. to explain
2. (teoría)
a. to expound
¿te importaría explicarme qué pasa?would you mind telling me o explaining what's going on?
explícame cómo funcionatell me how it works
3. (enseñar)
a. to teach, to lecture in
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
4. (comprender)
a. to understand
no me lo explicoI can't understand it
5. (dar explicaciones)
a. to explain oneself
a ver, explícate, ¿qué quieres decir con eso?come on, explain, what do you mean by that?
no sé si me explicodo you know what I mean?
6. (expresarse)
a. to make oneself understood
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (exponer) [+motivo, tema, cuestión, problema] to explain; [+teoría] to expound
2 (Escol) [+materia] to lecture in; [+curso] to teach; [+clase] to give; deliver (formal)
pronominal verb
1 (al exponer algo) to explain; explain o.s.
¡explíquese usted! explain yourself!; explíquese con la mayor brevedad please be as brief as possible; se explica con claridad he states things o expresses himself clearly
se explica de acuerdo con las nuevas teorías
esto no se explica fácilmente this cannot be explained (away) easily; this isn't easy to explain
2 (al entender algo)
no me lo explico I can't understand it; I can't make it out
3 (pagar) to cough up (familiar); pay
Cuando explicar lleva objeto directo e indirecto, el orden en inglés es normalmente explain + objeto directo + to + objeto indirecto:
¿Puedes explicarme eso? Can you explain that to me?
Ya se lo he explicado a mi familia I've already explained it to my family
Os explicaré la situación I will explain the situation to you
Sin embargo, si el objeto directo es una construcción más compleja, en inglés se sigue el mismo orden que en español, sin olvidar el uso de la preposición to:
¿Puedes explicarme por qué no viniste ni llamaste ayer? Can you explain to me why you didn't come or phone yesterday?
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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