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An adjective is a word that describes a noun (e.g. the big dog).
1. (ordinal number)
a. primero
The first time I ever had guacamole was in Guadalajara.La primera vez que probé el guacamole fue en Guadalajara.
b. primer (before noun)
The first chapter of the novel was the best.El primer capítulo de la novela fue el mejor.
An adverb is a word that describes a verb, an adjective, or other adverbs (e.g. to run quickly, very tired).
2. (ahead of others)
a. primero
I had to speak first in the meeting.Tuve que hablar primero en la reunión.
3. (before anything else)
a. primero
First, I would like to thank the organizers for inviting me.Primero me gustaría agradecer a los organizadores por haberme invitado.
4. (rather)
a. antes
You want me to give up my rights? I'd quit first.¿Quiere que renuncie a mis derechos? Antes renuncio.
A noun is a word referring to a person, animal, place, thing, feeling or idea (e.g. man, dog, house).
5. (in dates)
a. el primero
(m) means that a noun is masculine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
The first of April is a day for pranks and jokes of all kinds.El primero de abril es un día para bromas y chistes de todo tipo.
6. (car gear)
a. la primera
(f) means that a noun is feminine. Spanish nouns have a gender, which is either feminine (like la mujer or la luna) or masculine (like el hombre or el sol).
We had to go up the slope in first.Tuvimos que subir la cuesta en primera.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
1. primero(a) (sustantivo masculino o femenino) (in series)
  • we were the first to arrive fuimos los primeros en llegar
  • it's the first I've heard of it es la primera noticia que tengo (de ello), ahora me entero
  • Edward the first Eduardo I; (written) Eduardo primero (spoken)
2. primero (m) (of month) uno (m) (español de España)
  • the first of May el primero de mayo (labor holiday)
  • we're leaving on the first nos vamos el primero or el (día) uno (español de España)
3. (beginning)
  • from first to last de principio a fin
  • from the first desde el principio
  • at first al principio
4. (universidad)
  • to get a first sacar una matrícula de honor (británico)
5. primera (f) (first gear)
  • to put the car into first meter (la) primera
6. (unique event)
  • it was a first fue un acontecimiento sin precedentes
7. primero(a)
  • the first century el siglo uno or primero
  • for the first time por primera vez
  • at first hand de primera mano
  • first things first! lo primero es lo primero
  • I don't know the first thing about motorbikes no tengo ni idea de motos
  • first thing in the morning a primera hora de la mañana
  • at first light al alba
  • at first sight a primera vista
  • in the first place en primer lugar
  • on the first floor en el primer piso; (británico) en la planta baja (Estados Unidos)
  • the first World War la Primera Guerra Mundial
  • first aid socorrismo (m) ; (skill) primeros auxilios mpl (treatment)
  • the first Amendment la Primera Enmienda
  • first cousin primo(a) (sustantivo masculino o femenino) carnal
  • first edition primera edición (f)
  • first gear (automóbiles) primera (f)
  • the first Lady la primera dama (Estados Unidos)
  • first mate (Naut) segundo (m) de a bordo
  • first Minister Primer(era) Ministro(a) (sustantivo masculino o femenino) de Escocia
  • first name nombre (m) (de pila)
  • first night (noche (f) del) estreno (m) (of play)
  • first offense (Law) primer delito (m)
  • first offender (Law) delincuente (sustantivo masculino) sin antecedentes
8. primero(a) (firstly)
  • first and foremost ante todo
  • first of all antes de nada, en primer lugar
9. por primera vez (for the first time)
  • I first met her in London la conocí en Londres
10. primero, antes (before others)
  • you go first! usted está antes (in queue)
  • to come first terminar primero; (in race, contest) ser lo primero (in importance)
  • first come, first served por orden de llegada
  • ladies first! las señoras primero
  • to fall head first caer de cabeza
  • I'd resign first antes dimito (rather than do something)
FIRST AMENDMENT La Primera Enmienda a la Constitución estadounidense, recogida en la “Bill of Rights” o carta de derechos, protege el derecho a la libertad de expresión y de religión, así como a la libertad de prensa y de asociación. Se acostumbra a hacer referencia a dicha enmienda cuando se considera que estos derechos han sido violados debido a algún tipo de censura, sobre todo si se trata de los ámbitos artístico o periodístico.
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
first [fɜːst]
primero; (before m sing n) primer
the first book
I was first! ¡yo iba or estaba primero!; during the first three months of pregnancy durante los primeros tres meses de embarazo; he felt a bit lonely for the first few days los primeros días se sentía un poco solo; the first three correct answers win a prize las tres primeras respuestas correctas se llevan un premio
at first al principio
I didn't see them at first
on the first floor (Britain) en el primer piso; (US) en la planta baja
from first to last de principio a fin
in the first place en primer lugar
to win first place (in competition) conseguir el primer puesto; ganar
to win first prize ganar el primer premio
first strike weapon arma (f) de primer golpe
first [thing] in the morning first thing tomorrow I don't know the first thing about it
the first time la primera vez
1 (in place, priority) primero
first one, then another primero uno, después otro; we arrived first fuimos los primeros en llegar; llegamos los primeros; ladies first las señoras primero; women and children first! ¡las mujeres y los niños primero!
first of all ante todo; antes que nada
to come first (in race) ganar; llegar el primero; (have priority) estar primero; tener prioridad
she came first in the race
the customer/your homework must come first el cliente es lo primero/tus deberes son lo primero
first and foremost ante todo; antes que nada
to get in first (in conversation, process) adelantarse
I'd thought of mentioning it to the boss but Janet got in first I tried to congratulate her on her new book, but she got in first I needed to get in first, put the evidence in front of him, threaten to sell it to the papers if he didn't cooperate they had been planning to overthrow the government but the military got in first
you go first! ¡tú primero!; ¡pasa tú!
head first de cabeza
you have to put your children's needs first primero están las necesidades de tus hijos
we put our customers first she has always put her career/family first When you are aggressive you put your own needs first and ignore others
first come, first served el que llega primero tiene prioridad
free tickets, on a first-come-first-served basis entradas gratis, por riguroso orden de llegada
it was done on a first-come-first-served basis
2 (in time) (before anything else) primero; antes de nada
let's listen to what she has to say first
first, I need a drink primero or antes de nada or antes que nada, necesito una copa; first, I don't like it, second, I haven't got the money lo primero: no me gusta, lo segundo: no dispongo del dinero
I think we should discuss things first don't take any medicine without consulting your doctor first they're the sort of people who shoot first and ask questions later finish this work first
first and last (above all) por encima de todo
first off primero de todo; antes de nada
First off, I want to remind you that I came here willingly
3 (for the first time) por primera vez
the word was first used in 1835 la palabra se usó por primera vez en 1835; I first met him in Paris lo conocí en París
Progressive relaxation was first described in the 1930s by Dr. Edmond Jacobson
4 (rather) primero; antes
let him in this house? I'd kill him first! ¿dejarle pisar esta casa? ¡primero or antes lo mato!; I'd die first! ¡antes me muero!
the first of January el primero de enero; el uno de enero; it's the first I've heard of it ahora me entero; no lo sabía; Charles the First Carlos Primero
he came in an easy first llegó el primero con ventaja
from the (very) first desde el principio
to be the first to do sth ser el primero en hacer algo
they were the first to arrive fueron los primeros en llegar; llegaron los primeros
1 (Aut) primera (f)
in first en primera
2 (Britain) (Univ) sobresaliente (m)
class of degree
he got a first in French se ha licenciado en francés con una media de sobresaliente
note See culture box in entry degree.
first aid (n) primeros auxilios (m)
first base (n) (Baseball) primera base (f)
not to get to first base (US) quedar en agua de borrajas
our plan won't even get to first base
first degree (n) licenciatura (f)
first edition (n) primera edición (f); [of early or rare book] edición (f) príncipe
first form or year (n) (Educ) primer curso de secundaria
first-year student (Univ) estudiante (m) de primer año de carrera universitaria; (de carrera universitaria)
first gear (n) (Aut) primera (f)
first lady (n) (US) primera dama (f)
the first lady of jazz la gran dama del jazz
first language (n) (mother tongue) lengua (f) materna; [of country] lengua (f) principal
first lieutenant (n) (US) (Aer) teniente (m); (Britain) (Náut) teniente (m) de navío
first light (n) amanecer (m); alba (f)
it was beautiful watching the first light come into the sky She dreaded the first light, the sound of the birds in the trees I awoke with the first light of morning
at first light al amanecer; al alba
we leave at first light tomorrow rescuers were waiting to resume the search at first light The planes will resume flying at first light tomorrow
first mate (n) primer oficial (m); primera oficial (f)
first minister (n) (in Scotland) primeraprimera ministroaministra (m) (f);a primera a ministra
first name (n) nombre (m) (de pila)
to be on first name terms with sb tutear a algn
we're on first name terms I'm on first name terms with the boss
first night (n) (Teat) estreno (m)
first offender (n) (Jur) delincuente (m) sin antecedentes penales
first officer (n) primer oficial (m); primera oficial (f)
first performance (n) (Teat) (Mús) estreno (m)
first person (n) (Ling) primera persona (f)
first school (n) (Britain) escuela para niños entre cinco y nueve años
my chief concern was to find out how my sons' education at a first school (currently catering for four # to eight- year-olds, with a nursery attached) would be affected by the proposed changes Alison, 7, of Iver First School in Buckinghamshire her beloved teaching job at Chalfont St Peter First School
first violin (n) primer violín (m); primera violín (f)
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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