distinguir(
dees
-
teeng
-
geer
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to differentiate)
a. to distinguish
Son tan parecidos que no puedo distinguirlos bien.They are so similar that I can't distinguish them well.
b. to set apart
La lengua distingue a los humanos de los animales.Language sets humans apart from animals.
2. (to be a typical feature of)
a. to characterize
El médico explicó los síntomas que distinguen a la enfermedad.The doctor explained the symptoms that characterize the disease.
3. (to perceive)
a. to make out
Es difícil distinguir los detalles de esta pintura.The details of this painting are hard to make out.
4. (to award)
a. to honor
Regionalism used in the United States
(United States)
Fue distinguida con un premio por su compromiso de ayudar a los huérfanos.She was honored with an award for her commitment to helping orphans.
b. to honour (United Kingdom)
Me distinguieron entre mis compañeros de clase por mi esfuerzo.I was honoured among my classmates for my hard work.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (to differentiate)
a. to tell the difference
No sabe distinguir entre el bien y el mal.She can't tell the difference between good and evil.
distinguirse
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (to be differentiated; used with "de")
a. to be different from
Tu casa solo se distingue de la mía en el tamaño.Your house is only different from mine in size.
7. (to have as a typical feature; used with "por")
a. to be characterized by
Este trastorno mental se distingue por la aparición de alucinaciones.This mental disorder is characterized by the appearance of hallucinations.
b. to be identified by
Las imitaciones se distinguen por no tener nuestro logo en el reverso.Imitation models can be identified by the absence of our logo on the back.
8. (to be perceived)
a. to be visible
A lo lejos se distinguía la silueta de un barco.The shape of a ship was visible in the distance.
9. (to excel)
a. to stand out
Si quieres que te contraten, tienes que distinguirte del resto.If you want them to hire you, you have to stand out from the crowd.
b. to distinguish oneself
Se distinguió por su trabajo en el campo de la ciencia.He distinguished himself for his work in the field of science.
c. to make a name for oneself
Estaba decidido a distinguirse como novelista.He was determined to make a name for himself as a novelist.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
distinguir
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (diferenciar)
a. to distinguish
¿tú distingues estas dos camisas?can you tell the difference between these two shirts?
me es imposible distinguirlosI can't tell them apart
distinguir algo de algoto tell something from something
2. (caracterizar)
a. to distinguish, to characterize
distinguir algo/a alguien deto distinguish something/somebody from, to set something/somebody apart from
3. (premiar)
a. to honor
hoy nos distingue con su presencia Don…today we are honored to have with us Mr…
4. (vislumbrar)
a. to make out
¿distingues algo?can you see anything?, can you make anything out?
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (general)
a. to differentiate, to know the difference
A pronominal verb always uses a reflexive pronoun. (e.g. Te ves cansado.).
pronominal verb
6. (destacarse)
a. to stand out
se distingue por su eleganciashe is noted for her elegance
7. (caracterizarse)
a. to be characterized
8. (vislumbrarse)
a. to be visible
desde tan lejos no se distingue nadayou can't see/hear a thing from so far away
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
distinguir
transitive verb
1 (diferenciar) (ver la diferencia entre) to distinguish
no distingo bien los colores I can't distinguish the colours very well; no resulta fácil distinguir a los mellizos it is not easy to tell the twins apart; it's not easy to distinguish between the twins; he puesto una etiqueta en la maleta para distinguirla I've put a label on the suitcase to be able to tell it apart from o distinguish it from the others
lo distinguen con una etiqueta especial no sabría distinguir quién es el mayor no distingo cuál es el mío
lo sabría distinguir entre un millón I would know it o recognize it anywhere
distinguimos a los mellizos porque uno tiene los ojos azules y el otro verdes sabe distinguir bien las diferentes notas musicales
¿sabes distinguir un violín de una viola? can you tell o distinguish a violin from a viola?
no distingue lo blanco de lo negro he doesn't know his right from his left
igual da que le digas que es un adjetivo o un verbo, no distingue lo blanco de lo negro
(hacer diferente) to set apart
lo distingue su capacidad intelectual his intellect sets him apart; lo que nos distingue de los animales what distinguishes us from the animals; what sets us apart from the animals
eso los distingue de los demás la honradez que distinguía a su familia conservaba el sello de mercantilismo que distinguía a aquella raza de astutos comerciantes
(hacer una distinción entre) to distinguish
hay que distinguir dos períodos we need to distinguish two periods
aquí distingo dos aspectos a efectos de estudiar las características económicas del período distinguiremos dos etapas en un paté vegetal hay que distinguir varios elementos : la base, la parte grasa, el espesante
2 (ver) [+objeto, sonido] to make out
no podía distinguir la matrícula I couldn't make out the number plate; ya distingo la costa I can see o make out the coast now
dijo que vio a un encapuchado y a otra persona a su lado, cuyo rostro no pudo distinguir busqué sus ojos que, en la oscuridad, apenas pude distinguir no distingue bien algunos sonidos con el ruido del tren no pude distinguir bien si el sonido era de un gato o una persona
3 (honrar) [+amigo, alumno] to honour; honor; (EEUU)
lo distingue entre el resto de la calse
me distingue con su amistad I am honoured to have his friendship
distinguir a algn [con] algo
lo distinguieron con el Premio Nobel he was honoured with the Nobel Prize
4 (elegir) to single out
lo distinguieron para el ascenso he was singled out for promotion
intransitive verb
(ver la diferencia) to tell the difference;entre between; (hacer una distinción) to make a distinction;entre between
lo mismo le da un vino malo que uno bueno, no distingue it's all the same to him whether it's a bad wine or a good one, he can't tell the difference; no era capaz de distinguir entre lo bueno y lo malo he couldn't tell the difference o distinguish between good and bad
tenemos que distinguir entre una cosa y otra
es un hombre que sabe distinguir he is a discerning person; en su discurso, distinguió entre el viejo y el nuevo liberalismo in his speech he made a distinction between the old and the new liberalism
el dirigente socialista distinguió entre la Europa egoísta y la Europa progresista tú cállate, que no eres capaz de distinguir entre Libia y el Líbano hay que distinguir entre música buena y música mala
pronominal verb
distinguirse
1 (diferenciarse) [+objeto] to stand out; [+persona] to distinguish o.s.; make a name for o.s.
nuestros productos se distinguen por su calidad our products are distinguished by their quality; our products stand out for their quality; se distinguió como importante investigador he achieved renown o he made a name for himself as a leading researcher; se distinguió por sus descubrimientos en física cuántica he made a name for himself through his research into quantum physics; no se distingue precisamente por su sutileza subtlety is not exactly his strong point; he's not renowned for his subtlety
Karajan se distinguía por sacar lo mejor de cada uno una edición que se distingue por el lujo de las ilustraciones distinguirse por su calidad to stand out by reason of its quality distinguirse [de] algo ¿en qué se distingue el oro de los otros metales? el cuarzo se distingue de las demás piedras por su índice de refracción
nuestros muebles se distinguen del resto por calidad y diseño our furniture stands out from the rest due to its superior quality and design
2 (reconocerse) to be identified
las cintas de cromo se distinguen por su envoltorio chrome tapes can be identified by their packaging
entre la niebla se distinguían unas figuras moviéndose se distinguían unos sonidos extraños entre los árboles pudiste distinguir su voz entre tanto barullo?
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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