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Imperative (Commands) 
Cheat Sheet
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to acquire)
a. to buy
¡Hay que comprar una piñata que hoy comienzan las posadas!We need to buy a piñata because the Posadas start today!
b. to purchase
¿Le gustaría comprar ese artículo?Would you like to purchase that item?
2. (to bribe)
a. to buy off
Los políticos malvados intentaron comprar mi silencio.The evil politicians tried to buy me off.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
3. (to do the shopping)
a. to shop
Prefiero comprar en el mercado si puedo.I prefer to shop at the market if I can.
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (adquirir)
a. to buy, to purchase
se lo compré a un vendedor ambulanteI bought it from a street vendor o seller
se lo compraron a Ignacio como regalo de despedidathey bought it for Ignacio as a leaving present
2. (sobornar)
a. to buy (off), to bribe
¡el árbitro está comprado!they've bribed the referee!
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
transitive verb
1 (adquirir) [+casa, comida, regalo] to buy; purchase (formal)
¿te has comprado por fin la bici? did you buy the bike in the end?
me parece que hemos comprado demasiada comida hemos comprado dos libros con suficiente dinero puedes comprar hasta los mejores cerebros del mundo tengo que comprar fruta y verduras ha salido a comprar tabaco tengo que comprar libras antes de ir a Londres
comprar algo a algn (para algn) to buy sth for sb; buy sb sth; (de algn) to buy sth from sb; le compré un vestido a mi hija I bought a dress for my daughter; I bought my daughter a dress
le tenemos que comprar un regalo
siempre le compro la carne a este carnicero I always buy my meat from this butcher; si decides vender el coche, yo te lo compro if you decide to sell the car, I'll buy it from o off you
los países que compren ese producto a Cuba le he comprado estas flores a una gitana
comprar algo al contado to pay cash (for sth); pay sth in cash
comprar algo al detalle to buy sth retail
comprar algo a plazos to buy sth on hire purchase
comprar algo al por mayor to buy sth wholesale
comprar algo al por menor to buy sth retail
comprar deudas to factor
2 (sobornar) to bribe; buy off (familiar)
intentaron comprar al juez they tried to bribe o buy off (familiar) the judge; el árbitro está comprado they've bribed the referee
intransitive verb
(hacer la compra) to buy; shop
nunca compro en grandes almacenes I never buy o shop in department stores
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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