abreviar

abreviar(
ah
-
breh
-
byahr
)
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (to make shorter)
a. to shorten
Por motivos burocráticos, la universidad abrevió el plazo de entrega de las tesis.For bureaucratic reasons, the university shortened the deadline for thesis submission.
b. to cut short
La ministra abrevió su estancia en Bruselas para asistir a una reunión de gabinete urgente en su país.The minister cut short her stay in Brussels to attend an urgent cabinet meeting in her country.
c. to abridge (a text)
Hay que abreviar el texto porque tiene que caber en una sola página.We need to abridge the text because it has to fit on a single page.
d. to abbreviate (a word)
Al escribir mensajes de texto, es normal abreviar palabras.When texting, it is common to abbreviate words.
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
2. (to hasten)
a. to hurry up
Le dije que abreviara porque la película estaba a punto de empezar.I told him to hurry up because the movie was about to start.
b. to cut it short
O abreviamos o no acabamos nunca.If we don't cut it short, we'll never be done.
c. to be quick
Quise abreviar, pero solo conseguía equivocarme una y otra vez.I tried to be quick, but all I managed to do was to make one mistake after another.
3. (to summarize)
a.
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
En fin, abrevio: no conseguimos ponernos de acuerdo y el proyecto nunca se llevó a cabo.Anyway, to cut a long story short, we could not agree and the project was never carried out.
Así que, abreviando, no hiciste la tarea porque no te dio la santísima gana.So, in short, you didn't do your homework because you just didn't feel like it.
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abreviar
A transitive verb is a verb that requires a direct object (e.g. I bought a book.).
transitive verb
1. (proceso, explicación)
a. to shorten
2. (texto)
a. to abridge
3. (palabra)
a. to abbreviate
4. (viaje, estancia)
a. to cut short
An intransitive verb is one that does not require a direct object (e.g. The man sneezed.).
intransitive verb
5. (darse prisa)
a. to hurry up
para abreviarto keep it quick
abreviar
transitive verb
1 (acortar) [+palabra] to abbreviate; [+texto] to abridge; reduce; [+discurso, estancia etc] to shorten; cut short
2 (acercar) [+fecha] to bring forward; [+acontecimiento] to hasten
intransitive verb
(apresurarse) to be quick
bueno, para abreviar ... well, to cut a long story short ...
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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