Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
Listen to an audio pronunciation
A suffix is an affix that is added to the end of a word to create a new word with a different meaning (e.g. philia, ism).
1. (person occupationally connected with)
a. -er
Los obreros siempre deben llevar el equipo de seguridad para prevenir accidentes laborales.Workers must always wear safety equipment to prevent accidents at work.
b. -or
Puedes pedir cita con el consejero estudiantil mediante la web de la universidad.You can make an appointment with the student advisor via the university web.
c. -ist
Como buen reportero, siempre cotejo mis fuentes.As a good journalist, I always cross-check my sources.
d. -ess (feminine)
La mesera recibió una generosa propina por su buen servicio.The waitress got a generous tip for her good service.
2. (character or moral condition; frequently used with nouns to form adjectives)
a. -erous
¡Ten cuidado! Hay corrientes traicioneras que te pueden llevar mar afuera.Be careful! There are treacherous currents that could sweep you away.
b. -er
Ignora a ese pendenciero o acabarás metido en algún lío.Just ignore that troublemaker or else you'll end up in trouble.
c. -y
Susana le echó una mirada altanera y se fue sin decir adiós.Susana gave him a haughty look and left without saying goodbye.
3. (person that is; used with adjectives to form nouns)
a. -er
Si eres extranjero no puedes presentarte para esta beca.If you are a foreigner you cannot apply for this scholarship.
4. (tree name)
a. tree (noun)
Mi limonero floreció.My lemon tree is in bloom.
5. (enthusiastic follower)
a. fan (noun)
Pedro es bien futbolero: nunca se pierde un partido.Pedro is a real soccer fan - he never misses a game.
6. (place with abundance of)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
Sin querer, pisé un hormiguero de hormigas coloradas, y me picaron.I accidentally stepped on an a red ant's nest and got bitten.
¡Encontré tus llaves en el basurero!I found your keys in the trash can!
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