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In Spanish, the conjunction "e" is used instead of "y" before a word beginning with "i" or "hi." This word may be capitalized in sense 5).
A conjunction is a word that connects words, phrases, clauses, or sentences (e.g. The cat and the dog slept.).
1. (additionally)
a. and
Quiero una pizza y un refresco.I want a pizza and a soft drink.
2. (in linking clauses)
a. and
No tiene dinero y rechaza trabajos.He has no money and refuses to work.
3. (in repetition)
a. and
El perro ladraba y ladraba.The dog was barking and barking.
4. (in questions)
This refers to an idiomatic word or phrase for which there is no word-for-word translation.
no direct translation
¿Y Juan dónde está?So, where is Juan?
¿Y cuál es el problema?What is the problem?
A feminine noun is almost always used with feminine articles and adjectives (e.g. la mujer bonita, la luna llena).
feminine noun
5. (letter)
a. y
¿"Jenny" termina en y o en i?Does "Jenny" end with a y or an i?
Copyright © Curiosity Media Inc.
e is used instead of y before words beginning with i or hi (e.g. Pérez e hijos Perez and Sons).
1. and (en general)
  • un ordenador y una impresora a computer and a printer
  • horas y horas de espera hours and hours of waiting
2. what about (en preguntas)
  • ¿y tu mujer? what about your wife?
Copyright © 2006 Harrap Publishers Limited
1 (uso copulativo) and
fuimos a Málaga y a Granada we went to Malaga and Granada; una isla exótica y de gran belleza an exotic, tremendously beautiful island; treinta y uno thirty-one; un kilo y cuarto one and a quarter kilos
2 (al comienzo de una pregunta)
—ya ha llegado el primer grupo —¿y los demás? "the first group has already arrived" — "(and) what about the others?"; a mí no me apetece ir, ¿y a ti? I don't feel like going, what about you?; —id vosotros —¿y tú, qué vas a hacer? "you go" — "but what are you going to do?"; ¿y Max? no lo veo por ninguna parte where's Max? I can't see him anywhere; —he decidido dejar de estudiar —¿y eso? "I've decided to stop studying" — "why's that then?"; ¿y qué? (con desinterés, desprecio) so (what)?; (con interés) and?; no, no me han aceptado, ¿y qué? they haven't accepted me, who cares o so what?; —ya tengo las notas —¿y qué?, ¿has aprobado? "I've just got the marks" — "and, did you pass?"
3 (uso adversativo)
¡él viviendo en una mansión y su hermano en la calle! he's living in a mansion while his brother's on the streets!
¡le dicen en clase se que calle y él sigue hablando!
¿dices que no quieres tarta y te la comes entera? you say you don't want any cake and then you eat a whole one?
4 especialmente (Latinoamérica) (en repetición)
estuvo llora y llora he was crying and crying
5 especialmente (Arg) (Uru) (en respuestas)
—lo lamento mucho —y bueno, habrá que aceptarlo "I'm very sorry" — "well, we just have to accept it"
Collins Complete Spanish Electronic Dictionary © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
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