HomeQ&ASo many tenses! Can someone explain to me what the simple future, future perfect and condtional is?

So many tenses! Can someone explain to me what the simple future, future perfect and condtional is?

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I keep getting these all confused. What is the difference between simple future, future perfect and condtional?

Thanks for any help!

1338 views
updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by Lala

10 Answers

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How about the use of "acabar"'

I think it can be used transitively, but I mostly see it used intransitively, and I prefer terminar in your sentences. If you do use acabar to mean finish doing something, I think you have to use it as acabar de hacer algo (acabar de is also translated as "just did...").

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by 00bacfba
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Thank you. I just learned from your response.

How about the use of "acabar"?

James Santiago said:

  1. I will finish tomorrow after lunch. (Terminaré mañana después del almuerzo.)2. I will have finished cooking dinner before they arrive. (Habré terminado cocinar la cena antes de que ellos lleguen.)Después before a noun is always followed by de.Antes, used as it is here, must be followed by de que, and the following verb must be subjunctive.Good job, though!

>

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by Daniel
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  1. I will finish tomorrow after lunch. (Terminaré mañana después del almuerzo.)
  2. I will have finished cooking dinner before they arrive. (Habré terminado cocinar la cena antes de que ellos lleguen.)

Después before a noun is always followed by de.

Antes, used as it is here, must be followed by de que, and the following verb must be subjunctive.

Good job, though!

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by 00bacfba
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I completed these sentences -- are these correct?

  1. I will finish tomorrow after lunch. (Terminaré mañana después almuerzo.)
  2. I will have finished cooking dinner before they arrive. (Habré terminado cocinar la cena antes ellos llegan.)
  3. I would finish, but I have to go to school. (Terminaría, pero tengo que ir a la escuela.)

Also could "acabar" be used:
1. Acabaré
2. Habría acabado
3. Acabaría

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by Daniel
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Sparky said:

My bad, James, soy hablante de alemán.

Hey, I just wish my Spanish were as good as your English!

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by 00bacfba
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My bad, James, soy hablante de alemán.

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by Sparky
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*Simple Future:
I'm going to walk tomorrow.
Voy a caminar mañana.

Future:
I will walk tomorrow.
Mañana caminaré.*

Actually, both of these two forms are called the simple future.

If it rains, I will not go for a walk tomorrow.
Si lloviere, no caminaré mañana.

It should be "Si llueve, no caminaré (daré un paseo) mañana."

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by 00bacfba
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Here you go.

Simple Future:
I'm going to walk tomorrow.
Voy a caminar mañana.

Future:
I will walk tomorrow.
Mañana caminaré.

Future Perfect:
I will have walkted tomorrow.
Mañana habré caminado.

Conditional:
I would walk, but ...
Caminaría, pero ...

Conditional Perfect:
I would have walked, but ...
Habría caminado, pero ...

Of course you can build complex phrases with this.

If it rains, I will not go for a walk tomorrow.
Si lloviere, no caminaré mañana.

If I were rich, I'd buy a car.
Si fuera rico, compraría un coche.

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by Sparky
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As long as we're rounding out your acquaintance with English terminology; "I would have finished" = future perfect conditional. (not used very much)

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by samdie
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Pretty much the same as in English. The problem is that maybe you are unaware of the names in your own language. Using a mixed terminology:

I will finish - future simple
I will have finished - future perfect
I would finish - conditional

Find out how do you use these in English, and you'll start to understand how they are used in Spanish (more or less).

updated ENE 30, 2009
posted by lazarus1907
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