The difference between "cien y ciento" and how you say the year "19 whatever" in Spanish
Ok guys, this is probably trivial but it's one of those things that goes through my head at 3:00 in the morning... So here goes:
When I was learning how to count in Spanish, I was taught that 100 was "cien" but when I try to say 101 I'm not sure how to say that. Is it: uno cien y uno, o ciento uno, o un cien y uno? and do you say 200 as "dos cien" or "dos cientos"?
Next, when I say that my daughter was born in 1998, in English I say "nineteen ninety-eight" but in spanish I was taught to say one thousand nine hundred ninety eight. Do they ever say "diecinueve noventa y ocho"? Do you say 2009 as dos mil nueve or could you say veinte cero nueve or even just cero nueve?
When standing alone (that is, being 100 exactly) ciento is shortened to cien before preceding a noun of either gender; the longer form is used within longer numbers (except when preceding mil).
Examples: cien lápices (100 pencils), cien plumas (100 pens), ciento tres lápices (103 pencils), ciento tres plumas (103 pens), cien mil lápices (100,000 pencils), cien mil plumas (100,000 pens)
1999 - mil novecientos noventa y ocho
2008 - dos mil nueve
Hi mth, welcome to the forum
Ciento uno is the correct form. Doscientos , one word.
El año dos mil nueve, we do not say the year like in English, just as a normal number