novelista cataquero, what does cataquero mean?
I am sorry if I did not phrase my question properly, but I was quite contented with the translation of cataquero.
If you are just asking what "cataquero" means and not the answer to the question:
cataquero, -ra Adj. de dos terminaciones. 1. Relativo al municipio de Aracataca (Colombia). (Ú. t. c. sust.: persona natural de este territorio). Sinónimos Cataquense.
In other words the question is asking why Marquez is described as a novelist representing this region.
Now, you find the answer to the question.