subjunctive vs. indicative...creo que....
I just took a quiz on a site that teaches spanish and these are the ones that I got wrong they corrected for me....what I thought was in bold.
Creo que está feliz. creo que esté feliz
Es obvio que la ama. es obivo que la ame
Busco un estudiante que hable español. que habla español
Now for the first two I thouht that you were supposed to use the Subjuntvio. Can someone help me understand this?
You declare a subordinate clause (e.g la ama, habla español) when you want to provide this information, belief, guess... regardless of the main sentence. If this clause is stated only because you are going to talk about something else or give your opinion about it, there is no declaration.
Declarations require indicative; lack of declarations are expressed in subjunctive.
- Creo que está feliz.
Here you want to say that he/she is happy. To be more specific, that's what you think.
- Es obvio que la ama.
Here you simply want to state a fact (being facts, they truth is obvious)
- Busco un estudiante que habla español
You know there is one student that speaks Spanish (you've heard him/her, you know his/her name,...), so you declare it. By the way, you are looking for him
- Busco un estudiante que hable español
You don't declare that you know there is such a student, because you don't know. You are looking for someone meeting such requirements.
Okay.. and what if you want to say "I think he loves her...(but I'm not sure)."
In the first two you are making a declaration about something.
No creo que...is usually the flag for the subjunctive, but not always, as you can declare what you don't believe as well as what you do believe. It's when you use it to express doubt that it takes the subjunctive.
Es obvio.., es evidente, es claro,,, es verdad...all are used in making declarations.
The last one depends on whether the man exists or not (contrary to fact).
Are you looking for a student (whom you know) that speaks Spanish (if you know him then he exists)
or are you looking for a student who can speak Spanish (and you don't know him-or more generally if he exists)