whose

whose
pronoun
1. (possessive) 
a. de quién 
Whose are these DVDs?¿De quién son estos DVDs?
adjective
2. (possessive) 
a. de quién 
I don't know whose car it is.No sé de quién es el coche.
b. cuyo 
That's the girl whose boyfriend was sent to jail.Esa es la chica cuyo novio fue enviado a la cárcel.
whose
adjective
1. (in questions; singular) 
a. de quién 
2. (plural) 
a. de quiénes 
whose daughter are you?¿de quién eres hija?
whose fault is it?¿de quién es la culpa?
3. (relative) 
a. cuyo(a) 
the pupil whose work I showed youel alumno cuyo trabajo te enseñé
the man to whose wife I gave the moneyel hombre a cuya esposa entregué el dinero
whose [huːz]
pronoun
(in direct and indirect questions) de quién
whose is this? ¿de quién es esto?; whose are these? (1 owner expected) ¿de quién son estos?; (2 or more owners expected) ¿de quiénes son estos?; I don't know whose it is no sé de quién es
adjective
1 (in direct and indirect questions) de quién
whose purse is this? ¿de quién es este monedero?; whose cars are these? (1 owner expected) ¿de quién son estos coches?; (2 or more owners expected) ¿de quiénes son estos coches?; whose fault was it? ¿quién tuvo la culpa?; whose car did you go in? ¿en qué coche fuiste?; do you know whose hat this is? ¿sabes de quién es este sombrero?; I don't know whose watch this is no sé de quién es este reloj
2 (relative) cuyo
those whose passports I have aquellas personas cuyos pasaportes tengo; or de las que tengo pasaportes; the man whose hat I took el hombre cuyo sombrero tomé; the man whose seat I sat in el hombre en cuya silla me senté; the cup whose handle you broke la taza a la que le rompiste el asa
In direct and indirect questions
Whose in direct questions as well as after report verbs and expressions of (un)certainty and doubt (e.g. no sé) translates as de quién/de quiénes, never cuyo:
Whose coat is this? ¿De quién es este abrigo?
He asked us whose coats they were Nos preguntó de quiénes eran los abrigos
I don't know whose umbrella this is No sé de quién es este paraguas
As a relative
In relative clauses whose can be translated by cuyo/cuya/cuyos/cuyas and must agree with the following noun:
The man whose daughter is a friend of Emily's works for the Government El señor cuya hija es amiga de Emily trabaja para el Gobierno
... the house whose roof collapsed ... ... la casa cuyo tejado se hundió ...
When whose refers to more than one noun, make cuyo agree with the first:
... a party whose policies and strategies are very extremist ... ... un partido cuya política y tácticas son muy extremistas ...
However, cuyo is not much used in spoken Spanish. Try using another structure instead:
... the house whose roof collapsed ... ... la casa a la que se le hundió el tejado ...
My daughter, whose short story won a prize in the school competition, wants to be a journalist Mi hija, a quien premiaron por su relato en el concurso de la escuela, quiere ser periodista
There is no accent on quien here, as it is a relative pronoun.
Phrases with "whose"
Here are the most popular phrases with "whose." Click the phrases to see the full entry.
Whose book is this?
¿De quién es este libro?
whose name is
cuyo nombre es
Whose car is this?
¿De quién es este coche?
Examples
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