Usage note
This word is often used in the plural in 6).
transitive verb
1. (to maintain) 
a. conservar 
To preserve your antique furniture, you must dust it at least weekly.Para conservar tus muebles antiguos, debes quitarles el polvo semanalmente.
b. mantener 
I wax my car every six months to preserve the paint.Encero el coche cada seis meses para mantener la pintura.
c. preservar 
I use a special cream to preserve my leather boots and jackets.Utilizo una crema especial para preservar mis botas y chaquetas de cuero.
2. (to protect) 
a. proteger 
We should all do something to preserve endangered species.Todos debemos hacer algo para proteger las especies en vías de extinción.
b. amparar 
What a terrible storm! May God preserve us!¡Qué tormenta tan terrible! ¡Que Dios nos ampare!
3. (to keep from decay) 
a. conservar 
I hope you can preserve your sanity during these difficult times.Espero que puedas conservar tu cordura durante estos tiempos difíciles.
b. preservar 
My organization fights to preserve forests in our country.Mi organización lucha por preservar los bosques de nuestro país.
4. (culinary) 
I have lots of peaches; I need to preserve them before they go bad.Tengo muchos duraznos; necesito hacer conserva con ellos antes de que se dañen.
To preserve vegetables you can use an acidic liquid, such as vinegar or lemon juice.Para poner en conserva vegetales usa un líquido ácido, como vinagre o jugo de limón.
c. conservar 
I'm allergic to the nitrates and other chemicals used to preserve red meats.Soy alérgica a los nitratos y otros químicos que se utilizan para conservar las carnes rojas.
5. (to keep an area for game) 
a. proteger 
The state has preserved over 1,000 acres of wilderness for hunting and fishing.El estado ha protegido más de 1,000 acres de tierra virgen para la caza y la pesca.
6. (culinary) 
This recipe calls for strawberry preserve, but I prefer to add fresh fruit.Esta receta lleva conserva de fresas, pero yo prefiero usar frutas frescas.
I bought five jars of my favorite peach preserve.Compré cinco frascos de mi mermelada de durazno favorita.
This orange peel preserve is delicious!¡Esta confitura de cáscara de naranja está deliciosa!
7. (area for protected game) 
You can only go deer hunting within the preserve.Solo puedes cazar venados dentro del coto de caza.
This area of the woods used to be a preserve for the royalty.Esta zona del bosque era antiguamente el vedado de caza de la realeza.
If you want to go fishing, we'll need to pay a small fee to get access to the preserve.Si quieres ir de pesca, tendremos que pagar una pequeña cuota para acceder a la reserva.
8. (dominion) 
Cultural events should not be the preserve of the élite.Los eventos culturales no deben ser dominio de las élites.
I could not talk about quantum physics; that is the preserve of experts.No sabría qué decir acerca de la física cuántica; eso es terreno de los expertos.
1. (jam) 
a. la confitura f, mermelada (F) 
2. (in hunting) 
a. el coto de caza (M) 
3. (area of dominance) 
a. el territorio (M) 
engineering is no longer a male preservela ingeniería ya no es un reducto masculino
transitive verb
4. (maintain) 
a. conservar, mantener 
5. (leather, wood) 
a. conservar 
6. (fruit) 
a. confitar, poner en conserva 
7. (protect) 
a. conservar, proteger 
saints preserve us!¡que Dios nos proteja or ampare!
preserve [prɪˈzɜːv]
transitive verb
1 (keep in existence) [+endangered species, jobs, language] proteger; preservar; [+customs, silence, reputation] conservar; mantener; [+sense of humour, memory] conservar
we need to preserve the forest well designed new forests can help to preserve endangered species sensible forestry management can help to preserve endangered species pay freezes have been proposed to preserve jobs he spoke of the need to preserve the integrity of Arab territory the nation state has been a great success in preserving the identity of the British, the French and the Russians it was important to preserve the unity of the country
we will do everything to preserve (the) peace haremos todo lo posible por mantener la paz
the meeting will be about squeezing in more students while preserving standards they hope to transform the country into a Western-style democracy while still preserving Hungarian traditions people who want to keep the outside world at bay in order to preserve a traditional way of life his efforts to preserve a language that only a few people still spoke I stood there, clad only in a towel, determined to preserve my dignity he is worried about preserving his image with the electorate I just wanted something to preserve the memory of that perfect day
as a doctor, it was my duty to preserve life como médico, era mi deber salvar vidas
the defining of a doctor's role as being to preserv should one always try to preserve life or are there some circumstances...? in administering potassium chloride the doctor was neither preserving life not relieving suffering. All that he was doing was killing his patient.
to preserve sb's anonymity mantener a algn en el anonimato
Monsieur X is keen to preserve his anonymity the author has preserved the anonymity of those who appear in the book
2 (keep from decay) [+object, environment, meat] conservar
you will preserve your eyesight if you don't read by candlelight the ice contained within it a body preserved intact from the climate of the ice age
perfectly preserved medieval houses casas (f) medievales en perfecto estado
conservation is an issue which gets a lot of attention these days - whether /it means preserving old buildings/, or protecting the environment preserve this solid wood worktop by oiling it three or four times a year a new guide to greener tourism to help preserve the environment a 500-page blueprint for preserving the environment
to preserve one's looks conservar el atractivo
you're never too young to start worrying about preserving your looks
to preserve the status quo mantener el statu quo
an effective deterrent to the military men trying to preserve the status quo by force deep freezing is the simplest natural way of preserving food
the body was preserved in ice el cuerpo se conservaba en hielo
the hand was preserved in ice and later sewn back on insects preserved in amber
3 especially (Britain) (Cookery) (bottle, pickle etc) [+fruit] hacer conservas de; [+meat, fish] conservar
peppers and chillies may be preserved in oil los pimientos y los chiles se pueden conservar en aceite
salt preserves meat one of my favourite weekend activities is preserving fruit, either as jams or as rumtopfs for Christmas tuna steaks preserved in [brine]
to preserve sth in salt conservar algo en sal
fish preserved [in] salt before refrigeration fish was often preserved in barrels of salt lemons or limes preserved in salt are a north African speciality
4 (protect) (gen) proteger
to preserve sth from/against sth proteger algo de algo; paint the metal to preserve it from corrosion pinte el metal para protegerlo de la corrosión
a paint spray would preserve it from corrosion he wanted to preserve democracy against dictatorship they believed that fire preserved them from disease he looked for tracks in the ground that had been preserved from the wind they wanted to preserve the children from the suffocating atmosphere of an unhealthy world a once prosperous city which had been preserved from development in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries the Haitian army is preserving the government against takeover by a former leader use of this cream will preserve your skin against the ageing process
(in prayers, wishes)
may God preserve you que Dios os ampare; God or Heaven or saints preserve us! ¡que Dios nos ampare!; heaven preserve us from little boys que Dios nos proteja de los niños
his delinquent brothers, uncles, cousins, nephews, and even, God preserve us, grandchildren
5 (for private hunting, fishing) [+game] proteger
1 (Cookery) (singular) (jam) mermelada (f); confitura (f); (bottled fruit, chutney) conserva (f)
damson preserve mermelada (f) or confitura (f) de ciruela damascena
spread the base of the pastry thinly with strawberry preserve pudding was a preserve of peaches and plums she makes a preserve using green tomatoes
2 (Cookery) preserves conservas (f)
she decided to make peach preserves for Christmas gifts recipes for cakes, preserves and sauces
3 (restricted area) (Hunting) coto (m); vedado (m); (for wildlife) reserva (f)
except for such preserves, the mountains have offered the elk their safest habitat the eight preserves are known as the Butte Valley and Phacelia wildflower sanctuaries
dominio (m)
banking has remained almost exclusively a male preserve la banca sigue siendo casi exclusivamente del dominio masculino
foreign policy is largely the preserve of the president
they are poaching on my preserve están invadiendo mi terreno
the world of fine wines is no longer the exclusive preserve of the privileged few with the menfolk away at war, women got their first crack at the male preserves of employment and sport
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