present
adjective
1. (current) 
a. actual 
The present situation is a difficult one.La situación actual es difícil.
b. presente (formal) 
This compromise is all we can offer at the present time.Este compromiso es todo lo que podemos ofrecer en el momento presente.
2. (in attendance) 
a. presente 
We expect to have about 200 members present at the anual meeting.Esperamos que alrededor de 200 socios estén presentes en la junta anual.
3. (existing) 
a. presente 
There is evidence that there is a small amount of arsenic present in the water.Hay pruebas de que hay una pequeña cantidad de arsénico presente en el agua.
4. (grammar) 
a. presente 
The word “voy” in Spanish is in the present tense.La palabra voy en español está en el tiempo presente.
noun
5. (gift) 
a. el regalo (M) 
Her husband gave her a wonderful present for her birthday.Su marido le hizo un regalo maravilloso por su cumpleaños.
b. el presente (M) (formal) 
The minister gave a present to the ambassador.El ministro le entregó un presente al embajador.
c. el obsequio (M) (formal) 
Thank you for the lovely wedding presents.Gracias por los lindos obsequios de boda.
6. (now) 
One must forget about the past and live for the present.Hay que olvidar el pasado y vivir el presente.
7. (grammar) 
During my first few weeks of Spanish class, I will only speak in the present.Durante mis primeras semanas de la clase de español, solo voy a hablar en presente.
transitive verb
8. (to give formally) 
a. entregar 
The child presented his find to his mother in hopes of approval.El niño le entregó su hallazgo a su madre con la esperanza de que diera su aprobación.
The ambassador presented his letter of credentials to the secretary.El embajador le hizo entrega de sus credenciales al secretario.
c. regalar (a gift) 
Ricky presented his girlfriend with a ring.Ricky le regaló un anillo a su novia.
9. (to put forward) 
a. presentar 
The executives plan to present the new product to the public next week.Los ejecutivos planean presentar el nuevo producto al público la próxima semana.
b. exponer 
The mayor presented her plan to improve the city's road maintenance.La alcaldesa expuso su plan para mejorar el mantenimiento de los caminos de la ciudad.
c. plantear 
Gisela presented what she believed to be the core problem.Gisela planteó lo que ella creía que era el problema principal.
10. (to submit) 
a. presentar 
At the end of the evening, the waiter presented me with the bill.Al final de la noche, el mesero me presentó la cuenta.
11. (to display) 
a. presentar 
Please present your passport as you board the airplane.Por favor, presente su pasaporte al embarcar en el avión.
b. mostrar 
You need to present an official ID in order to make a cash withdrawal.Debe mostrar una identificación oficial para poder hacer un retiro de efectivo.
12. (to introduce) 
a. presentar 
Mr. Brown, please allow me to present my mother.Sr. Brown, permítame presentarle a mi madre.
13. (to provide) 
a. ofrecer (an opportunity) 
Her uncle presented her with an opportunity to run his business in Madrid.Su tío le ofreció la oportunidad de dirigir su empresa en Madrid.
b. suponer (a problem or challenge) 
His father’s death presented him with an unwelcome challenge.La muerte de su padre le supuso un desafío no deseado.
14. (to bring before the public) 
a. presentar 
The students will present a musical theater production this Friday.Los estudiantes presentarán una producción de teatro musical este viernes.
15. (military) 
a. presentar 
The soldiers were commanded to present arms.Se les ordenó a los soldados que presentaran armas.
16. (to depict onesef; used with a reflexive pronoun) 
Luis presents himself as a professional.Luís se presenta como un profesional.
17. (to arise; used with a reflexive pronoun) 
Angie said she’d punch him if the opportunity presented itself.Angie dijo que le daría un puñetazo si se presentaba la oportunidad.
b. surgir 
We thought we had everything in order until an unexpected problem presented itself.Creíamos tener todo en orden hasta que surgió un problema inesperado.
intransitive verb
18. (medicine) 
The patient presented with complaints of abdominal discomfort.El paciente se presentó con quejas de molestias abdominales.
19. (to make a presentation) 
If you will be presenting at the conference, prepare well in advance.Si vas a hacer una presentación en el congreso, prepárate con tiempo.
presents
plural noun
20. (legal) 
a. los presente (M)las presente (F) (writing or statement) 
By these presents, I hereby appoint Mr. Blue to represent me.Por medio de la presente, hago constar que nombro al señor Blue para representarme.
present
Noun
1. (gift) 
a. el regalo (M) 
to give somebody a presentregalar algo a alguien
birthday/Christmas presentregalo de cumpleaños/Navidad
transitive verb
2. (introduce, put forward) 
a. presentar 
if the opportunity presents itselfsi se presenta la ocasión
3. (give) 
a. entregar 
to present something to somebody, to present somebody with somethingregalar algo a alguien
4. (military) 
a. no direct translation 
present arms!¡presenten armas!
present [ˈpreznt]
adjective
1 [+person]
to be present (in place) estar presente; (at function) asistir; estar presente; he insisted on being present se empeñó en estar presente or en asistir; the whole family was present estaba toda la familia presente; how many others were present? ¿cuántos más había?; ¿cuántos más estuvieron presentes?; nobody else was present no había nadie más; nadie más estuvo presente; is there a doctor present? ¿hay un médico (presente)?; present! ¡presente!
negotiations cannot continue as long as the police are present
ssh! there are ladies present ¡sss! hay señoras delante
to be present at [+function] asistir a; estar presente en; [+scene, accident] presenciar
Lord Owen was present at the meeting he was present at the accident nearly 85 per cent of men are present at the birth of their children
present company excepted exceptuando a los presentes
"it's no wonder they're despised," Sinclair began to smile but Velma clapped him briskly on the back. "Present company excepted, Donald!" she laughed. I can't stand people whose only topic of conversation is football; present company excepted, of course!
all present and correct (Mil) todos presentes
all present and correct, sir!
somos todos los que estamos y estamos todos los que somos
if we are all present and correct, perhaps I could begin
those present los presentes
many of those present were new members among those present at today's discussions was Alexander Yakovlev correct: ever present and correct
2
to be present [+thing, substance] encontrarse; in some areas, fluoride is naturally present in the water supply en algunas zonas, el flúor se encuentra de forma natural en el agua
the virus was found to be present in some tissue samples in soils where heavy metals are present then fat deposits are broken down in the liver, in the blood vessels and in all other organs where fat deposits are present it can't be a coincidence that most of the infested counties where the pest is present are round the Great Lakes to be present [in] sth
to be ever present estar siempre presente
I am afraid the risk of a relapse will be ever present
3 (current) actual
how long have you been in your present job? ¿cuánto tiempo llevas en tu puesto actual?
present methods include ... its present value in the present economic climate
in its present form en su forma actual
the present Queen of England
the present government el actual gobierno
in its present form, the bill is unlikely to become law the house was rebuilt in its present form in 1839 without them, the company in its present form cannot continue he has brought much of the present crisis on himself the government's present economic difficulties it has been skilfully renovated by the present owners if you are unhappy with the present situation you can contact your local MP if present trends continue, Hispanic-Americans will outnumber blacks within about 20 years he said inflation would not have reached its present level if sterling had entered the ERM when he proposed it he conceded that in the present climate Ethiopia's economic policy did not mean much in the present case, I think you may be right the court has no jurisdiction in the present case in (the) present [circumstances] I am sure there is no alternative to devaluation in the present circumstances Schlesinger agreed that in present circumstances the Bundesbank had no plans to raise interest rates
from Roman times to the present day desde los tiempos romanos hasta nuestros días
this tradition has continued to the present day esta tradición sigue vigente; a solution to the problems of the present day una solución a los problemas actuales or de nuestros días
modern research shows that these ancient techniques are very effective approaches to the illnesses of the present day
at the present time (at this instant) en este momento; (currently) actualmente; hoy día
no statement can be made at the present time the biggest problem facing Europe at the present time
(up) to the present time hasta nuestros días; hasta los tiempos actuales
it remains unchanged (up) to the present time the present [writer] it was revised in 1990 with the help of the present writer house prices rose consistently for the first three months of the present year in during the present [year]
4 (Gram) presente
noun
1 (present time)
the present el presente
his struggle to reconcile the past with the present British industry from 1880 to the present then her thoughts would switch to the present Naomi does not enjoy talking about her past, preferring to live in the present There were two children, Richard, at present out of the country, and Paula he is at present serving a life sentence there is no way at present of predicting which individuals will develop the disease at present children under 14 are not permitted in bars
for the present de momento; por lo pronto
for the present, you need to rest and sleep
that will be all for the present de momento or por lo pronto esto es todo; I'll say goodbye for the present me despido hasta la próxima
but for the present the police were content to do nothing the ministers had expressed the unanimous view that sanctions should remain in place for the present for the present she continues with the antibiotics that's all for the present, Miss Livingstone nothing more can be done for the present
up to the present hasta ahora
it hasn't happened up to the present it has continued right up to the present
to live for the present vivir el momento
if you can't live for the present, there's no point in living at all I strongly believe in living for the present - tomorrow you could be dead
(there's) no time like the present no dejes para mañana lo que puedas hacer hoy
don't wait until New Year to resolve to organise your life - there's no time like the present "I've been wanting to go to Japan for years" - "well, why not? - there's no time like the present" "leave the washing-up till later" - "no, I'll do it now: no time like the present"
2
at present (at this instant) en este momento; (currently) ahora; actualmente; Mr Young isn't here at present el Sr. Young no está aquí en este momento; I don't want to get married at present de momento no me quiero casar; as things are at present como están las cosas ahora; como están las cosas actualmente
3 (Gram) (tiempo (m) ) presente (m)
put the following verbs into the present
4 (Jur)
by these presents por los aquí presentes
the [parties] presents
modifier
the present continuous (n) el presente continuo
the present indicative (n) el presente de indicativo
present participle (n) participio (m) activo; participio (m) (de) presente
the present perfect (n) el pretérito perfecto
the present simple (n) el presente simple
the present subjunctive (n) el presente de subjuntivo
the present tense (n) el (tiempo) presente
[in] the present tense it's written in the present tense we still refer to him in the present tense, even though he's retired
present [ˈpreznt]
noun
(gift) regalo (m); obsequio (m) (formal); presente (m) (formal) (literary)
it's for a present es para (un) regalo; she gave me the book as a present me regaló el libro; it was a present from Dad era un regalo de papá
she bought us all a present he had brought home a present for her the Queen bought the house in 1976, as a present for the couple
to give sb a present hacer un regalo a algn
I'll give you your Christmas present early don't you think we ought to give her a present, as it's her birthday?
to make sb a present of sth regalar algo a algn; dar algo a algn medio regalado; servir algo a algn en bandeja
when she admired the ring he simply made her a present of it if I'd known you liked it I would have made a present of it to you
we did rather make them a present of the match didn't we? by squabbling amongst themselves our countries are making the Russians a present of the whole of Europe
present [prɪˈzent]
transitive verb
1 (give) [+prize, award] entregar; hacer entrega de
the awards were presented by Sir Robin Day the mayor came to present the prizes
to present sth to sb entregar algo a algn; hacer entrega de algo a algn; they have presented a petition to Parliament han hecho entrega de or han presentado una petición al parlamento
Bob Dawson presented the trophy to the winning team two-year old Kerry Hawkins presented a posy to the Queen Mother
[+gift]
to present sb with sth present sth to sb regalar algo a algn; obsequiar a algn con algo (formal); obsequiar algo a algn; (LAm)
he was presented with a gold watch on his retirement President Reagan presented Ford with the Medal of Freedom Queen Alexandra presented him with a special gold cup a woman approached him and presented him with a single rose
2 (introduce) presentar
may I present Miss Clark? allow me to present Miss Clark permítame presentarle a or le presento a la Srta. Clark
it gives me great pleasure to present ... es para mí un honor or placer presentarles a ...
Fox stepped forward, welcomed him in Malay, and presented him to Jack to present X [to] Y
he presented Jane to his mother presentó a Jane a su madre; to be presented at court (Britain) ser presentada en la corte
Margaret had been presented at Court
3 (offer formally)
to present one's apologies (to sb) presentar sus excusas (ante algn)
my parents asked me to present their apologies, but they had a pressing engagement elsewhere allow me to present my sincerest apologies
to present one's compliments (to sb) presentar or ofrecer sus saludos (a algn)
/Dr Maturin presents his compliments/, and would be happy to visit Sir Joseph Blaine as soon as it may be convenient he was just passing and wished to present his compliments
to present one's credentials (to sb) [+diplomat] presentar sus credenciales (ante algn)
the new ambassador presented his credentials to the Austrian president Harry went to the White House to present his credentials foreign representatives presenting their credentials
4 (show) [+documents, tickets] presentar; mostrar
all passports must be presented at passport control at the other end stood a porter's lodge, where visitors presented their permits before they could enter they were frequently stopped by the police and required to present evidence of their identity passengers must present their tickets if required by an inspector
5 (put forward, communicate) [+report, proposal, evidence] presentar; [+case, argument] exponer; (Parl) [+bill] presentar
figures can be presented in many ways hay muchas maneras de presentar las cifras
the party has to present a more professional image el partido debe presentar or proyectar una imagen más profesional
she presented her plan to the meeting expuso su proyecto a la reunión
an opportunity to present his views to the public the team presented its findings to the government in a paper presented to the second World Climate Conference in Geneva we present the information in a variety of chart forms we presented three options to the unions for discussion he was doing his best last week to present an image of a happily married man presenting a calm and dignified face to the world at large the commission has presented new proposals aimed at reassuring a number of countries they will have nine months in which to gather and present evidence against him he is expected to present evidence that Altman's various deals were legal they did not base their verdict solely on the evidence presented in the courtroom on the evidence presented in this book, he would seem to have a strong case unquestionably the author presents a powerful case I need a good lawyer to present my case we have to ensure that the prosecution presents the case in an intelligible way but that can be overruled by a magistrate if the person presents a reasonable case don't waste time with small talk - /you will have only five minutes to present your case/ I thought he presented his argument very well /when the 1989 Dock Work Act was presented as a Bill to Parliament/, MPs were told that it would probably lead to 1,500 to 2,000 redundancies Congress has presented a bill that it knows the president will veto
6 (pose) [+challenge] representar; [+opportunity] presentar; ofrecer; [+sight] ofrecer
if you are old, getting fit can present a challenge si es usted mayor, ponerse en forma puede representar un reto; the bay presents a magnificent sight la bahía ofrece una vista maravillosa
the boy presents a problem el chico nos plantea un problema
the patrol presented an easy target la patrulla era un blanco fácil
the future will present many challenges Brittany, which has few hills, presents no challenge to the serious walker such complicated rhythms would present a challenge for any singer such conditions present a challenge to medical technology this summer school presents an opportunity to experience all aspects of dance the small group of onlookers presented a pathetic sight the warriors presented an awesome spectacle to present the [appearance] of sth he presents the appearance of someone living a life of luxury they abandoned the neighbourhood, presenting an appearance of panic
7 (provide, confront)
to present sb with sth: the author presents us with a vivid chronicle of contemporary America el autor nos brinda or ofrece una vívida crónica de la América contemporánea
she bought a new car and presented me with the bill se compró un coche nuevo y me pasó la factura
public policy on the family presents liberals with a dilemma it presented him with an opportunity to make a great deal of money
to present sb with a daughter/son ofrecer a algn una hija/un hijo
Henry married Jane Seymour, who presented him with a male heir, Edward he made no secret of his delight when girlfriend Annie Benn presented him with a beautiful baby daughter
8 (represent, portray) presentar
the report presents her in a favourable light el informe presenta una imagen favorable de ella
the government has presented these changes as major reforms her lawyer wanted to present her in the most favourable light it is customary to present the British as the colonialist oppressor her report presents the matter in another light
9 (Comm) (tender, submit) [+bill] presentar; pasar
don't wait until he presents his bill before you ask for a reduction the Iraqis have presented a bill for nearly £150,000 for the costs of holding British nationals in a hotel in Baghdad
[+cheque] presentar
the cheque was presented for payment on 24th el cheque se presentó para el cobro el día 24
he calculated that the cheque would not be presented for three days
10 (Rad) (TV) [+programme] presentar
she presents a monthly magazine programme on the BBC the programme is presented by Dr Brian Smith we present "My Music", and here's your chairman, Steve Race
(Teat) [+play] presentar; ofrecer el montaje de
the Lyric Theatre is presenting a new production of "Over the Bridge"
(Art) [+exhibition] exponer; presentar
the Museum of Modern Art is presenting a complete retrospective of Ray's work
presenting Garbo as Mimi con Garbo en el papel de Mimi
11 (Mil)
to present arms presentar las armas; present arms! ¡presenten armas!
the Officer in Charge commands all guards to present arms with a rhythmic stamp and clash the Marines presented arms
12
to present o.s. [+person] presentarse; how you present yourself is extremely important la manera de presentarse es muy importante
I presented myself at their offices in Europe, Aga Khan III presented himself in a completely different light all those tricks which would help him to present himself in a more confident way in public she was told to present herself at the Town Hall at 11.30 for the induction ceremony two detectives presented themselves on her doorstep present yourself at reception when you arrive
to present o.s. as sth
he presents himself as a moderate, but he's not se define a sí mismo como un moderado, pero no lo es; she's thinking of presenting herself as a candidate está pensando en presentarse como candidata
the British like to present themselves as a nation of dog-lovers
to present o.s. for examination presentarse a (un) examen
to present o.s. for (an) interview presentarse a una entrevista
you may be required to present yourself for (an) interview
13
to present itself [+opportunity, problem] surgir; presentarse
he would do it again if the opportunity presented itself their colleagues insulted them whenever the opportunity presented itself the opportunity has never really presented itself for me to say certain things she would have only the slimmest of chances of getting away, if an opportunity presented itself at all
a problem has presented itself ha surgido or se ha presentado un problema
a further obstacle has presented itself, however
intransitive verb
(Med)
to present with sth [+patient] presentarse con algo
she presented with post-natal depression
to present with or as sth [+condition] presentarse en forma de algo
shingles often presents with a rash over the face a placenta previa is not as dramatic and usually presents as repeated small hemorrhages
Examples
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