state

state
noun
1. (condition) 
a. el estado (M) 
The breakup put her in a terrible state of depression. La ruptura la puso en un estado terrible de depresión.
The current state of the government is favorable.El estado actual del gobierno es favorable.
2. (stage) 
a. el estado (M) 
Ice is water in a solid state. El hielo es agua en un estado sólido.
3. (political) 
a. la nación (F) (country) 
Russia is a proud state with a rich history. Rusia es un estado orgulloso con una historia rica.
b. el estado (M) (area within a country) 
She lives in the state of Virginia.Ella vive en el estado de Virginia.
4. (government) 
a. el estado (M) 
Smith said that the state was guilty of ill-treating its citizens.Smith dijo que el estado era culpable de maltratar a sus ciudadanos.
transitive verb
5. (to declare) 
a. declarar 
He states that he is innocent.Él declara que es inocente.
6. (to present) 
a. exponer 
They stated all of the new rules to the employees.Les expusieron todas las reglas nuevas a los empleados.
adjective
7. (of political subdivision) 
a. estatal 
The park is state property.El parque es propiedad estatal.
state
[steɪt]
noun
1. estado (m) (condition, situation)
  • I am not in a fit state to travel no estoy en condiciones de viajar
  • a state of emergency un estado de emergencia
  • state of health estado (m) de salud
  • state of mind estado (m) anímico
  • in a state of terror aterrorizado(a)
  • in a state of shock en estado de shock
  • to be in a terrible state estar en un estado terrible
  • to lie in state yacer en la capilla ardiente (before funeral)
  • the state of the Union Address el discurso sobre el estado de la nación (Estados Unidos)
2. estado (m) (country, administrative region)
  • the States (familiar) (los) Estados Unidos (the USA)
  • state control control (m) estatal
  • state Department (política) Departamento (m) de Estado (Estados Unidos), = Ministerio de Asuntos or Relaciones Exteriores estadounidense (Am)
  • state highway ≅ carretera (f) nacional (Estados Unidos)
  • state occasions ceremonias (f pl) de gala
  • state school colegio (m) estatal or público
  • state secret secreto (m) de Estado
  • state sector sector (m) público
  • state visit viaje (m) oficial or de Estado
transitive verb
3. declarar (declare); indicar (one's name and address); exponer (reasons, demands, objections)
  • to state the obvious decir una obviedad
  • as stated earlier/above como se hizo constar antes/más arriba
STATE OF THE UNION ADDRESS La constitución estadounidense estipula que el presidente debe mantener informado al Congreso sobre el estado de la nación. Por ello, cada año el presidente pronuncia un discurso que es radiotelevisado, en el que recoge los puntos principales de su gestión y las medidas que su administración tiene previsto adoptar en el futuro.
STATE SCHOOLS En el Reino Unido hay dos tipos principales de centros públicos de educación secundaria: las “comprehensive schools” y las “grammar schools”. Las primeras fueron introducidas en 1965 por los laboristas, con el fin de democratizar la enseñanza y garantizar la igualdad de oportunidades para todos los estudiantes, cualesquiera que fueran los ingresos de sus padres y su origen social. Hoy en día, el 90% de los alumnos de secundaria asisten a ellas. La calidad de la enseñanza varía enormemente según los centros y es bastante normal que ciertas familias se muden a una zona que tenga una buena escuela. Las “grammar schools”, a las que asisten menos del 5% de los estudiantes, imparten una educación más tradicional y se centran en preparar a los alumnos que tienen previsto continuar sus estudios. Para acceder ellas, los alumnos tienen que hacer un examen a los 11 años.
state [steɪt]
noun
1 (condition) estado (m)
the link between the state of the economy and crime rumours about the state of their marriage
the current state of the housing market el estado actual del mercado inmobiliario
People are not buying because of the poor state of the economy the precarious state of the country's finances I'd like to know the state of my account
if this state of affairs continues si las cosas siguen así
it is a sorry state of affairs when ... es una situación lamentable cuando ...
state of alert estado (m) de alerta
Pete is consumed by bitterness. It's a sad state of affairs state of emergency to declare a state of emergency
state of grace estado (m) de gracia
state of health (estado (m) de) salud (f)
what has her state of health been like recently?
to be in a bad or poor state estar en mal estado
to be in a good state estar en buenas condiciones; it wasn't in a fit state to be used no estaba en condiciones de ser usado; he's not in a fit state to do it no está en condiciones para hacerlo
in a comatose state
he arrived home in a shocking state llegó a casa hecho una pena; she was in no state to talk no estaba en condiciones para hablar
you're in no state to go out When you left our place, you weren't in a fit state to drive
state of mind estado (m) de ánimo
he was in an odd state of mind estaba raro
the state of the nation el estado de la nación
in his annual state of the nation address, the Mexican president ... a debate on the state of the nation which had been set down for 2 February 1778
state of play (Dep) situación (f) del juego
what's the state of play? ¿cuál es la situación?
state of repair estado (m)
90% of the Borough housing stock is in a very good state of repair The building was in a bad state of repair
state of siege estado (m) de sitio
state of war estado (m) de guerra
state of weightlessness estado (m) de ingravidez
2 (poor condition)
you should have seen the state the car was in tenías que haber visto cómo estaba el coche
just look at the state of this room! ¡mira cómo está esta habitación!
the flat was in a right state after the party el piso estaba hecho un asco después de la fiesta (informal)
I must have looked in a bit of a state
3 (agitated condition)
to be in a state estar nervioso
I was in a terrible state because nobody could understand why I had this illness
his wife is in a terrible state su mujer está nerviosísima
to get into a state ponerse nervioso
Get your facts right before you get into such a state
now don't get into a state about it no te pongas nervioso
4 (region, country) estado (m)
he was brought up in a southern state
the State of Washington el estado de Washington; the State of Israel el estado de Israel
Albania, Europe's only remaining communist state derechos autónomos de cada estado de los EE. UU.
the States (USA) los Estados Unidos
a state within a state un estado dentro de un estado
5 (government)
the State el Estado
the state does not collect enough revenue to cover expenditure worker-owned factories can be as inefficient as state-owned ones
affairs of state asuntos (m) de estado
the State and the Church agree on this issue
Secretary of State (US) SecretarioaSecretaria (m) (f) de Asuntos Exteriores;a Secretaria Secretary of State for Education (Britain) SecretarioaSecretaria (m) (f) de Educación;a Secretaria
6 (rank) rango (m); (office) cargo (m)
every state of life
the state of bishop la dignidad de obispo
7 (pomp)
to dine in state cenar con mucha ceremonia
to lie in state estar de cuerpo presente
to live in state vivir lujosamente
robes of state ropas (f) de investidura
transitive verb
1 (say, show)
state your address and telephone number (on form) escriba su dirección y número de teléfono; (orally) diga su dirección y número de teléfono
cheques must state the amount clearly
as stated above como se indica más arriba; to state that ... [+rules, law] estipular que ...
the rules state that the rules clearly state that the law states that
it is nowhere stated that ... no se dice en ninguna parte que ...; the article stated that she had been interviewed by the police el artículo afirmaba que la policía la había interrogado; it must be stated in the records that ... tiene que hacerse constar en los archivos que ...
2 (declare, affirm) declarar
he has stated his intention to run for President ha declarado su intención de presentarse como candidato a la presidencia
he stated that he had never seen her before
he has publicly stated that ... ha declarado públicamente que ...
he has publicly stated that he is interested in playing for England
3 (expound on, set out) [+views] dar; expresar; [+facts, case, problem] exponer
he was asked to state his views on the subject se le pidió que diera or expresara su opinión sobre el asunto
he wants to state the facts as they occurred, without them being blown out of proportion by the media
I'm simply stating the facts simplemente estoy exponiendo los hechos
he says the controversial party should be allowed to state its case on TV
to state the case for the prosecution exponer los argumentos de la acusación
modifier
(Pol) [+policy, documents, security] del Estado
he never has a day's respite from state business, and last year fulfilled 650 official engagement
[+capitalism, socialism, visit, funeral, business] de estado
state aid (n) ayuda (f) estatal
state apartments (n) apartamentos destinados a visitas de mandatarios
state bank (US) (n) banco (m) estatal or del Estado
state banquet (n) banquete (m) de gala
state benefit (n) subsidios (m) del Estado; subsidios (m) estatales
those receiving or on state benefit aquellos que cobran subsidios del Estado or estatales
she is now on state benefit to claim state benefits
State Capitol (n) (US) edificio donde tiene su sede el poder legislativo de un estado
horses were used to accompany the State coaches carrying the Queen and other members of the Royal Family
state control (n) control (m) público or estatal
to be/come under state control pasar a manos del Estado
State Department (n) (US) Ministerio (m) de Asuntos Exteriores
state education (n) enseñanza (f) pública
State Enrolled Nurse (n) (Britain) (formerly) enfermeroaenfermera (m) (f) diplomadoadiplomada con dos años de estudios;a enfermera a diplomada (con dos años de estudios)
state fair (n) (US) feria (f) estatal
state funding (n) financiación (f) pública
state highway (n) (US) carretera (f) nacional
state legislature (n) (US) poder (m) legislativo del estado
state line (n) (US) frontera (f) de estado
state militia (n) (US) [of specific state] milicia (f) del estado
the other part of the Second Amendment refers to the rights of states to raise a militia, and they suggest that the Second Amendment really relates to the rights of citizens in a state militia to bear arms State of the Union Address
state occasion (n) acontecimiento (m) solemne
the Queen only wears her crown on state occasions
state ownership (n)
they believe in state ownership of the means of production creen que los medios de producción deberían estar en manos del Estado; son partidarios de que los medios de producción estén en manos del Estado
elements of socialism such as state ownership and central planning to restore privatised corporations to state ownership it intends to take bigger industries out of state ownership and transform them into joint stock companies
state pension (n) pensión (f) del Estado; pensión (f) estatal
state police (n) [of country] policía (f) nacional; (US) [of specific state] policía (f) del estado
Michigan State police
state prison (n) (US) cárcel (f) estatal; prisión (f) estatal
State Registered Nurse (n) (Britain) (formerly) enfermeroaenfermera (m) (f) diplomadoadiplomada con tres años de estudios;a enfermera a diplomada (con tres años de estudios)
State Representative (n) (US) (Pol) representante (m) del estado
state school (n) (Britain) colegio (m) público; escuela (f) pública
state secret (n) secreto (m) de estado
And what exactly do you do? Or is that a state secret you only share with your husband? Britain's match plan was no state secret
state sector (n) sector (m) estatal
State Senator (n) (US) senadorasenadora (m) (f) del estado;a senadora
state subsidy (n) subvención (f) estatal
state tax (n) (US) [of specific state] impuesto (m) del estado
state trooper (n) (US) [of specific state] policía (m) del estado
state university (n) (US) universidad (f) pública
to go on make a state visit to a country
Examples
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