start
transitive verb
1. (to begin) 
a. comenzar 
Lessons will start in September.Las clases comenzarán en septiembre.
b. empezar 
The movie starts in half an hour.La película empieza en media hora.
c. iniciar 
We started our long trip by stopping in Montreal.Iniciamos nuestro largo viaje parando en Montreal.
2. (to cause to begin) 
a. empezar 
A group of students started the anti-war movement.Un grupo de estudiantes empezó el movimiento contra la guerra.
b. iniciar 
The sound of the gun started the race.El sonido de la pistola inició la carrera.
c. dar comienzo 
The teacher started the course with a speech.El profesor dio comienzo al curso con un discurso.
d. provocar 
That cigarette started the fire.Ese cigarrillo provocó el fuego.
e. desencadenar 
The conflict started a turf war.El conflicto desencadenó una guerra territorial.
3. (to cause to operate) 
a. encender 
You can't start the hair dryer because the power cord is unplugged.No puedes encender el secador de pelo porque el cable está desenchufado.
b. arrancar 
If you cannot start your car, I will take you.Si no puedes arrancar el coche, te llevaré yo.
c. poner en marcha 
I could not start the motorcycle because its tank was empty.No pude poner en marcha la moto porque el depósito estaba vacío.
4. (to found) 
a. montar 
My cousin started a business recently.Mi primo montó un negocio hace poco.
b. fundar 
The company was started by my grandfather in 1950.Mi abuelo fundó la empresa en 1950.
c. poner 
I started a clothing store last year.Puse una tienda de ropa el año pasado.
d. poner en marcha 
My boss started this empire with just one store.Mi jefe puso en marcha este imperio con solo una tienda.
intransitive verb
5. (to begin) 
a. empezar 
The day had started badly, and did not improve.El día había empezado mal y no mejoró.
b. comenzar 
Now that we are all here, let's get started.Ahora que estamos todos, comencemos.
6. (to originate) 
a. empezar 
It all started when he decided to go abroad.Todo empezó cuando decidió irse al extranjero.
7. (to set out) 
They started early in the morning. Emprendieron camino temprano por la mañana.
We started from Ponce, and now we are here.Partimos de Ponce y ahora estamos aquí.
8. (to cause to operate) 
a. arrancar 
My car won't start, so I had to take the bus.Mi coche no arranca, así que tuve que coger el autobús.
b. ponerse en marcha 
If the lawn mower doesn't start, clean the filters.Si la cortacésped no se pone en marcha, limpia los filtros.
9. (to move suddenly) 
a. sobresaltarse 
The baby started at the sudden noise.El bebé se sobresaltó con el ruido repentino.
10. (to protrude) 
a. salirse 
His eyes started when he saw her in that red dress.Se le salían los ojos cuando la vio con ese vestido rojo.
noun
11. (beginning) 
a. el comienzo (M) 
The start of the tournament will take place at two o'clock.El comienzo de torneo tendrá lugar a las dos en punto.
b. el principio (M) 
Be patient at the start of the race, save your strength.Ten paciencia al principio de la carrera, ahorra fuerzas.
12. (departure point) 
a. la salida (F) 
The start of the race will be on my street.La salida de la carrera será en mi calle.
b. la línea de salida (F) 
Please, all runners go to the start.Por favor, todos los corredores acudan a la salida.
c. la línea de partida (F) 
The runners left the start at nine o'clock.Los corredores salieron de la línea de partida a las nueve en punto.
13. (sudden movement) 
I woke up with a start because I thought I was late for work.Me levanté sobresaltado porque pensé que iba tarde para el trabajo.
The student gave a start when the teacher called his name.El alumno dio un respingo cuando el profesor dijo su nombre.
14. (sport) 
a. la ventaja (F) 
Our team had a five minute-start over their competitors.Nuestro equipo tuvo una ventaja de cinco minutos sobre nuestros contrincantes.
start
Noun
1. (beginning) 
a. el principio m, comienzo (M) 
2. (starting place, of race) 
a. la salida (F) 
for a startpara empezar
at the startal principio
at the start of the montha principios de mes
from the startdesde el principio
from start to finishde principio a fin
to make a start on somethingempezar con algo
he lent her £500 to give her a startle prestó 500 libras para ayudarla a empezar
to give somebody a 60 meter(s) startdar a alguien una ventaja de 60 metros
3. (sudden movement) 
a. el susto m, sobresalto (M) 
to wake with a startdespertarse sobresaltado(a)
to give somebody a startsobresaltar a alguien, dar un susto a alguien
transitive verb
4. (begin) 
a. empezar, comenzar 
5. (conversation, talks) 
a. entablar, iniciar 
6. (fashion, rumor) 
a. promover, poner en circulación 
7. (fire) 
a. ocasionar, provocar 
to start schoolempezar el colegio
to start doing something, to start to do somethingponerse or empezar a hacer algo
it's just started rainingacaba de ponerse or empezar a llover
to get startedempezar
8. (cause to start; machine, engine, car) 
a. arrancar, poner en marcha 
intransitive verb
9. (begin) 
a. empezar, comenzar 
to start at the beginningempezar por el principio
to start by doing somethingcomenzar haciendo algo
she had started as a doctorhabía comenzado trabajando como médica
to start withpara empezar
to start on somethingempezar algo
now don't YOU start!¡no empieces!, ¡no empecemos!
10. (be frightened) 
a. sobresaltarse 
to start out of one's sleepdespertarse sobresaltado(a)
11. (begin journey) 
a. salir, partir 
12. (car, engine) 
a. arrancar 
start [stɑːt]
noun
1 (beginning) principio (m); comienzo (m)
...the start of the academic year That was the start of all the trouble
at the start al principio; en un principio
at the very start muy al principio; en los mismos comienzos; at the start of the century a principios del siglo; we are at the start of something big estamos en los comienzos de algo grandioso
for a start en primer lugar; para empezar
from the start desde el principio
from start to finish desde el principio hasta el fin
to get a good start in life disfrutar de una infancia privilegiada
This can lead to jealousy if the child feels that his peers have got a better start in life than he has
to get off to a good/bad/slow start empezar bien/mal/lentamente
to give sb a (good) start in life ayudar a algn a situarse en la vida
They gave their son a good start in life
to make a start empezar
to make a start on the painting empezar a pintar
I think I'll make a start on the decorating this weekend
to make an early start (on journey) ponerse en camino temprano; (with job) empezar temprano; to make a fresh or new start in life hacer vida nueva
2 (departure) salida (f); also (Dep)
... to be lined uo for the start The whistle blew for the start of the race
(starting line) línea (f) de salida
The runners were gathering at the start
3 (advantage) ventaja (f)
to give sb five minutes' or a five-minute start dar a algn cinco minutos de ventaja
to give sb 10 metres' a 10-metre start
to have a start on sb tener ventaja sobre algn
4 (fright etc) susto (m); sobresalto (m)
to give sb a start asustar or dar un susto a algn
to give a sudden start sobresaltarse; what a start you gave me! ¡qué susto me diste!
to wake with a start despertarse sobresaltado
transitive verb
1 (begin) empezar; comenzar; [+discussion etc] abrir; iniciar
He started a conversation with a woman who turned out to be the ambassador's wife
[+bottle] abrir; [+quarrel, argument] empezar
They started the argument in the pub and continued it at home
[+journey] iniciar
In France the visit of the Turkish Ambassador to the Court of Louis XIV started a fashion for all things Turkish After a short rest we started the long journey home
to start a new cheque book/page comenzar or empezar un talonario nuevo/una página nueva
He picked up his pen and started a new page
don't start that again! ¡no vuelvas a eso!; to start doing sth or to do sth empezar a hacer algo
I started to think you weren't coming It soon started to rain
start moving! ¡menearse!; start talking! ¡desembucha!
to start sth again or afresh comenzar or empezar algo de nuevo
Finally I scrapped my original manuscript and started the book again
to start the day right empezar bien el día
He also reflects that the early morning drinking - a couple of large ones to start the day right - was in some ways the start of his downfall
he always starts the day with a glass of milk lo primero que toma cada mañana es un vaso de leche
he started life as a labourer empezó de or como peón
to start a new life comenzar una vida nueva
to start negotiations iniciar or entablar las pláticas
to start a novel empezar a escribir (or leer) una novela
to start school empezar a ir al colegio
Relatively few nurseries - whether state or privately run - will take children under two; nor are your problems over once children start school
he started work yesterday entró a trabajar ayer
2 (cause to begin or happen) [+fire] provocar; [+war] [+person, country] empezar; iniciar; [+incident, act] desencadenar
Why on earth would a tinpot dictator choose to start a war with a superpower like the US?
[+fashion] empezar; iniciar; [+rumour, tradition] iniciar; dar comienzo a
Why should Simpson have wanted to kill us? All you're doing is starting yet another rumour, making more trouble!
it started the collapse of the empire provocó el derrumbamiento del imperio; you started it! ¡tú diste el primer golpe!
to start a family (empezar a) tener hijos
to start a race (give signal for) dar la señal de salida para una carrera
3
to get started empezar; ponerse en marcha
Once I get started, I work very quickly
let's get started empecemos
Come on, let's get started now. We've wasted enough time already
to get sth started [+engine, car] poner algo en marcha; arrancar algo; [+project] poner algo en marcha
We'd better get out of here fast. I'll get the engine started I couldn't get the bloody car started again this morning I want to earn enough money and get my own farm started
to get sb started (on activity) poner a algn en marcha; (in career) iniciar a algn en su carrera
Sometimes there is so much to see in the landscape that we are unable to focus on a manageable area of it and therefore fail to find a good subject. On these occasions I find the viewfinder can be a very helpful device to get me started
Initially it was a grant from the Arts Council that helped to get them started
to get started on (doing) sth empezar a hacer algo
I want to get started on decorating the house as soon as I can
to get sb started on (doing) sth poner a algn a hacer algo
I'll get him started on the clearing-up Jessie meets briefly with the first group of students, to get them started on their writing
4 (found) (also start up) [+business] montar; poner; [+newspaper] fundar; establecer
5 (also start up) [+car, engine] arrancar; poner en marcha; [+clock] poner en marcha
6 (with personal object)
don't start him (off) on that! ¡no le des cuerda!; to start sb (off) reminiscing hacer que algn empiece a contar sus recuerdos; that started him (off) sneezing eso le hizo empezar a estornudar
She covered the pizza with black pepper, which of course started him sneezing again
to start sb (off) on a career ayudar a algn a emprender una carrera; they started her (off) in the sales department la emplearon primero en la sección de ventas
7 (disturb)
to start (up) a partridge levantar una perdiz
intransitive verb
1 (begin) empezar; comenzar; [+conversation, discussion] iniciarse; [+quarrel, argument] producirse; [+fashion] empezar; iniciar; [+war] estallar; empezar; [+rumour, tradition] originarse; [+fire] empezar; iniciarse; [+music] empezar
We must start at once A discussion started among three of the officials An argument started at the next table The fashion apparently started back in the 19th century The war started in December and continued until the following spring A rumour started that 500 jobs were to be lost The fire started in the attic and quickly spread to the rest of the house
The lights dimmed and the music started
classes start on Monday las clases comienzan or empiezan el lunes; that's when the trouble started entonces fue cuando empezaron los problemas; it all started when he refused to pay todo empezó cuando se negó a pagar; it started (off) rather well/badly [+film, match] empezó bastante bien/mal
to start again or afresh volver a empezar; comenzar de nuevo
he started (off or out) as a postman empezó como or de cartero
he started (off or out) as a Marxist empezó como marxista
to start at the beginning empezar desde el principio
he started (off) by saying ... empezó por decir or diciendo ...
the route starts from here la ruta sale de aquí
starting from Tuesday a partir del martes
to start (out or up) in business montar or poner un negocio
to start (off) with ... (firstly) en primer lugar ...; para empezar ...
Well, to start with, this is quite untrue ...
(at the beginning) al principio ...; en un principio ...
To start with, there were only 3 of them but later ... We only had 25 pounds to start with
what shall we start (off) with? ¿con qué empezamos?; to start (off) with a prayer empezar con una oración; he started (off or out) with the intention of writing a thesis empezó con la intención de escribir una tesis
2 (embark)
to start on a task emprender una tarea
to start on something new emprender algo nuevo; to start on a book (begin reading) empezar a leer un libro; (begin writing) empezar a escribir un libro
I've got a whole pile of books I haven't started on yet
How long ago did you start on the book and where did the idea come from?
to start on a course of study empezar un curso
When do you start on your Spanish course?
they started on another bottle abrieron or empezaron otra botella
3 (also start off) (also start out) (on journey) [+person] partir; ponerse en camino; [+bus, train, runner] salir
Ten horses started but only three finished
to start (off or out) from London/for Madrid salir de Londres/partir con rumbo a or para Madrid
he started (off) along the coridor
he started (off) down the street empezó a caminar calle abajo
4 (also start up) [+car, engine] arrancar; ponerse en marcha
The car won't start
[+washing machine] ponerse en marcha
5 (jump nervously) asustarse; sobresaltarse;at a
to start from one's chair levantarse asustado de su silla; tears started to her eyes se le llenaron los ojos de lágrimas
his eyes were starting out of his head se le saltaban los ojos de la cara
6 [+timber etc] combarse; torcerse; [+rivets etc] soltarse
Verb Conjugations for comenzar
Gerund: comenzando
Participle: comenzado
The irregular conjugations of this verb are in red.
Indicative
PresentPreteriteImperfectConditionalFuture
yocomienzocomencécomenzabacomenzaríacomenzaré
comienzascomenzastecomenzabascomenzaríascomenzarás
él/ella/Ud.comienzacomenzócomenzabacomenzaríacomenzará
nosotroscomenzamoscomenzamoscomenzábamoscomenzaríamoscomenzaremos
vosotroscomenzáiscomenzasteiscomenzabaiscomenzaríaiscomenzaréis
ellos/ellas/Uds.comienzancomenzaroncomenzabancomenzaríancomenzarán
View complete conjugation for comenzar
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