transitive verb
1. (climb) 
a. escalar 
scale [skeɪl]
[of fish, reptile etc] escama (f); (flake) [of rust, chalk] hojuela (f); [of skin] escama (f); (inside kettle, boiler) costra (f); (on teeth) sarro (m);
transitive verb
[+fish] quitar las escamas a; escamar; (Téc) raspar; [+teeth] quitar el sarro a;
intransitive verb
(also scale off) [+skin] descamarse
scale [skeɪl]
1 (weighing device) (often pl) balanza (f); (for heavy weights) báscula (f)
bathroom scale(s) báscula (f) (de baño)
Women are being urged to ignore the bathroom scales after an American government report stated that diets do not work can see the results in the mirror and on the bathroom scale children are weighed on a white bathroom scale
a kitchen scale a pair of kitchen scales una balanza de cocina
you are going to need a pair of kitchen scales to weigh your food accurately a pair of old brass scales
he tips the scales at 70 kilos pesa 70 kilos; to turn or tip the scales (in sb's favour/against sb) inclinar la balanza (a favor de algn/en contra de algn)
We're not saying it' s the only reason she'll get the abortion, but it could tip the scales you should cast your vote as if it might be the one to tip the scales when your life and freedom hang in the balance, maybe cunning and desperation tend to tip the scales in your favor she still believed it had been Howe's warnings, not the children's welfare or any residual love for her, that had finally tipped the scales against his leaving her
2 [of balance] platillo (m)
it scales 4 kilos
scale [skeɪl]
1 (size, extent) (gen) escala (f); [of problem, disaster] magnitud (f); escala (f)
the scale of the problem the sheer scale of the disaster poses impossible problems the British aid programme is small in scale. on a [grand] scale
he likes to do things on a grand scale le gusta hacer las cosas a gran escala or por todo lo alto or a lo grande
she thinks on a grand scale This is opulence on a grand scale for those mostly between 30 and 45 who have worked hard for their money and want some time to relax in style to change this requires planning on a very grand scale
on a large scale a gran escala
they were engaged in fraud on a massive scale estaban realizando un fraude a gran escala or de gran envergadura
The break-down of law and order could result in killing \on a massive scale\
on a national scale a escala nacional
if recycling was organized on a national scale this cost could be reduced on a national scale, the entire country's food productivity now depends on the provision of agrochemicals
on a small scale a pequeña escala
borrowing on this scale will bankrupt the country el país va a caer en la bancarrota si sigue aceptando préstamos de esta magnitud
I'm used to pressure, but not on this scale
2 (graduated system) (gen, for salaries) escala (f)
each subject was asked to rate himself on a ten point scale of relaxation suspects were categorized on a three-point scale and held in custody on the basis of the relative seriousness of their suspected offence when you first start work you usually enter at the lowest point on the scale
scale of charges (lista (f) de) tarifas (f)
Do you operate on a fixed scale of charges? You know, so much a day A Registered Osteopath will be pleased to tell you his scale of fees before you decide on a consultation The scale of charges for these treatments is often less than what you might expect to pay in the US
the Richter scale la escala de Richter
an earthquake measuring five point five on the Richter scale
the social scale la escala or jerarquía social
the higher up the social scale they re, the more the men have to lose
3 (ratio, proportion) [of map, model] escala (f)
on a scale of 1cm to 5km con una escala de 1cm a 5km
to be out of scale (with sth) no guardar proporción (con algo)
the tower surmounted by its enormous golden statue of the Virgin, is completely out of scale with the building \COB2
the drawing is not to scale el dibujo no está a escala
a miniature garden with little pagodas and bridges, all to scale
to draw sth to scale dibujar algo a escala
4 (Mús) escala (f)
transitive verb
[+wall] trepar a; escalar; [+tree] trepar a; [+mountain] escalar
the first woman to scale Everest the men scaled a wall and climbed down scaffolding on the other side A rock climber explains how it feels when he is scaling a mountain best way to get out of prison was by scaling the wall he conceived the project of scaling the parapet, attacking the sentinels with rocks
scale drawing (n) dibujo (m) a escala
scale model (n) modelo (m) a escala
they built a half scale model of the aeroplane he has created a scale model of our solar system that is truly to scale an impressive scale model of a futuristic city
scale back
transitive verb
(reduce) [+production, operations, demands, plan] recortar
production has been scaled back Our most painful decision would be to significantly scale back the company's workforce production of 14 different models of automobiles, has either been scaled back or shut down the Kurdish leadership has scaled back its demands businesses have scaled back plans to increase plant and equipment investment the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development has scaled back growth projections for next year
scale down
transitive verb
1 (make proportionately smaller) reducir a escala
2 (reduce)
production, operations, proposal, plan the company announced it was scaling down its operations NATO forces in Europe are being scaled down The European Commission has scaled down its original proposal for increasing the budget people are being forced to scale down their career objectives or change career altogether
scale up
transitive verb
1 (make proportionately bigger) aumentar a escala
The wing resembled that of a DC-3 scaled up to a span exceeding 138 ft
2 (increase) [+operations] ampliar
now companies are scaling up the technology for consumer use The Guiseley fish batterer is scaling up its operation with its first international outlet
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