excuse me

excuse me
1. (used to attract attention) 
a. perdón 
Excuse me. Could I have a menu, please?Perdón, ¿me puede traer un menú, por favor?
b. disculpe 
Excuse me. Is this the right train for New York?Disculpe, ¿es este el tren para ir a Nueva York?
2. (used to ask for something to be repeated) 
a. perdone 
Excuse me; I didn't hear what you said.Perdone, no oí lo que dijo.
b. cómo (less formal) 
Have you seen Anna? - Excuse me?¿Has visto a Anna? - ¿Cómo?
3. (used to apologize) 
a. perdone 
Excuse me! I thought this seat was free.¡Perdone! Pensé que este asiento estaba libre.
b. perdón 
I didn't realize you were in a meeting. Excuse me.No me di cuenta de que estabas en una reunión. Perdón.
4. (used to ask permission to go past) 
a. permiso 
He didn't even say "excuse me"; he just barged past.Ni siquiera dijo "permiso", pasó a empujones.
5. (used to ask to be allowed to deal with something else) 
Please excuse me a minute. I need to check something.Permítame un momento, por favor. Tengo que comprobar algo.
6. (used to object or disagree) 
Excuse me! I was first in line.¡Un momento! Yo estaba primero.


transitive verb
1. (to justify) 
a. to excuse 
Laura excusó el comportamiento de su hermano argumentando que estaba muy estresado.Laura excused her brother's behavior by saying that he was under too much stress.
2. (to make apology for) 
Excuso las acciones de mi esposo. Está muy alterado desde que se enteró de la muerte de su madre.I apologize for my husband's actions. He has been very upset since he found out about his mother's death.
3. (formal) (to prevent) (Spain) 
a. to avoid 
Con mi novio hablo de todo, pero excuso hablar de relaciones anteriores.I talk about everything with my boyfriend, but I avoid talking about previous relationships.
4. (to release from an obligation) 
Me excusaron de asistir a la reunión porque mi padre se puso enfermo.I was exempted from attending the meeting because my father became ill.
pronominal verb
5. (to excuse oneself) 
El alumno se excusó con el profesor por su mal comportamiento en clase.The student apologized to the teacher for his bad behavior in class.
transitive verb
1. (disculpar a) 
a. to excuse 
2. (disculparse por) 
a. to apologize for 
3. (evitar) (Spain) 
a. to avoid 
excuso decir que…there's no need for me to say that…
pronominal verb
4. (general) 
a. to apologize, to excuse oneself 
transitive verb
1 (disculpar) to excuse
excúsame con los otros apologize to the others for me
2 (evitar) [+disgustos] to avoid; prevent
así excusamos disgustos this way we avoid difficulties; podemos excusar lo otro we can forget about the rest of it; we don't have to bother with the rest; excusamos decirle que ... we don't have to tell you that ...; por eso excuso escribirte más largo so I can save myself the trouble of writing at greater length
3 (eximir) to exempt;de from
pronominal verb
excusarse (disculparse) to apologize;con to
excusarse de haber hecho algo to apologize for having done sth
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