backward
adverb
1. (general) 
a. hacia atrás 
to walk backward and forwardcaminar de un lado para otro
2. (fig) 
a step backwardun paso atrás
3. (fig) 
to bend or lean over backward to helphacer todo lo posible por ayudar
4. (fig) 
to know something backwardconocer algo de pe a pa
backward [ˈbækwəd]
adjective
1 [+motion, glance] hacia atrás
backward and forward movement movimiento (m) de vaivén
2 [+pupil, country] atrasado
3 (reluctant) tímido
he wasn't backward in claiming the money no se mostró tímido a la hora de reclamar el dinero
he was not backward in taking the money
he's not backward in coming forward no peca de tímido
adverb
1 [+look] atrás; hacia atrás; [+move] hacia atrás
to walk/fall backward andar/caer hacia atrás; to go backward and forward ir y venir; ir de acá para allá; this is a step backward esto supone un paso atrás
Greater government intervention in busineses would represent a step backwards ...unshakable traditions that look backward rather than ahead
2 (in reverse) al revés
He works backward, building a house from the top down
to read sth backward leer algo para atrás
to know sth backward saberse algo al dedillo or de pe a pa
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