Using Ser With Descriptions
While both ser and estar can translate to to be in English, they aren't interchangeable in Spanish.
- Ser is used to classify and identify permanent or lasting attributes.
- Estar is used to indicate temporary states and locations.
If this general rule is too vague for you, think of the acronym DOT. Ser is used for:
- Descriptions of a person or thing.
- Origins of a person or thing.
In this article we'll take a look at the D in DOT: descriptions. Let's get started!
Descriptions with Ser
Ser is used for all permanent/long-term and personal descriptions. You can use ser to answer the question How would you describe __?
In other words, ser is used with the essential qualities that define a person or thing and that are not likely to change in the near future. These can be names, physical descriptions, occupations, personal relationships, and religion, among others.