Superlative Adjectives in Spanish

Quick Answer

Superlative adjectives indicate the maximum degree of an adjective, usually described as the most or the least of something.

Overview

There are three common ways to use adjectives to compare and contrast nouns in Spanish: comparisons of equality, comparisons of inequality, and the superlative.

Forming Superlative Adjectives

To form the superlative in Spanish, you will use a formula very similar to that of comparisons, with the important addition of the definite article.

Regular Superlative Formulas

most: definite article (el, la, los, las) + más + adjective

least: definite article (el, la, los, las) + menos + adjective

Mi madre es la más inteligente de la familia.
My mother is the most intelligent one in the family.
 
Mi hermano es el menos responsable de la familia.
My brother is the least responsible one in the family.
 

For adjectives that have single word comparisons, such as mejor  (best) and peor  (worst) you do not use más or menos.

Irregular Superlative Formula

definite article (el, la, los, las) + superlative adjective

Mi padre es el mayor de sus hermanos.
My father is the oldest of his brothers.
 
Esta película es la mejor de todas.
This movie is the best of all of them.
 

Irregular Superlatives

AdjectiveSuperlative FormEnglish
viejo
mayor
 
oldest
grande
mayor
 
biggest/largest
joven
menor
 
youngest
pequeño
menor
 
smallest
bueno
mejor
 
best
mal
peor
 
worst

-Ísimo Adjectives

You can also add -ísimo  to an adjective (and even some adverbs) to talk about an extreme degree of something. This handy suffix can translate to very, really, extremely, super, quite, among few others.

¡Esa comida es buenísima!
This food is the best!
 
Estoy encantadísimo.
I am extremely delighted.
 
Las chicas allí son bellísimas.
Those girls over there are really beautiful.
 
Los abogados están ocupadísimos.
The lawyers are super busy.
 
¡Llegaste tardísimo!
You arrived super late!
 
Caminas despacísimo.
You walk extremely slowly.
 

Lists to the Rescue!

Below you will find a list of useful -ísimo adjectives.

AdjectiveEnglish-ísimo AdjectiveEnglish
cómico
 
funny
comiquísimo
 
really hilarious
blanco
 
white
blanquísimo
 
very white
fresco
 
fresh
fresquísimo
 
super fresh
largo
 
long
larguísimo
 
very long
amargo
 
bitter
amarguísimo
 
really bitter
antiguo
 
old
antiquísimo
 
very old
agradable
 
nice
agradabilísimo
 
super nice
feliz
 
happy
felicísimo
 
extremely happy
caliente
 
hot
calentísimo
 
really hot

Adjectives that end in -ble tend to change to -bil- when used with -ísimo.

Adjective-ísimo AdjectiveEnglish
agradable
 
agradabilísimo
 
really nice
amable
 
amabilísimo
 
really nice
notable
 
notabilísimo
 
really outstanding
miserable
 
misirabilísimo
 
really miserable

Many qualitative adjectives that have an r in the final syllable do not always take the -ísimo ending, but instead take the -érrimo ending.

Adjective-ísimo AdjectiveEnglish
acre
 
acérrimo
 
extremely bitter
célebre
 
celebérrimo
 
extremely famous
libre
 
libérrima
 
extremely free
mísero
 
misérrimo
 
extremely wretched
salubre
 
salubérrima
 
extremely healthy

When an adjective ends in -n, -dor, or -or, -ísimo usually changes to -císimo.

Adjective-ísimo AdjectiveEnglish
inferior
 
inferiorcísimo
 
quite inferior
hablador
 
habladorcísimo
 
very talkative
joven
 
jovencísimo
 
very young

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