Spanish Present Perfect Subjunctive

Quick Answer

The present perfect subjunctive (el pretérito perfecto de subjuntivo ) functions just like the present perfect indicative, but it is triggered by the same sorts of words and phrases as the present subjunctive.

The present perfect subjunctive is used to describe an action that happened in the past and continues or repeats into the present, or an action that "has" happened in the recent past. It can also describe an action that "will have" happened by a certain point, as the present perfect subjunctive has replaced the future perfect subjunctive.

Present Perfect Subjunctive Forms

The present perfect subjunctive is a combination of the past participle and the present subjunctive of the verb haber .

Present Perfect Subjunctive Formula

present subjunctive of haber + past participle of another verb

Present Perfect Subjunctive Uses

1. Actions that happened in the past and continue or repeat into the present.

Mi profesor duda que yo haya leído el libro.
My professor doubts that I have read the book.
Me asusto de que usted me haya llamado.
I am shocked that you called me.
Es bueno que hayamos hablado.
It is good that we talked.

2. Actions that have happened in the recent past.

Me asusto de que ellas no hayan bailado bien.
I am shocked that they have not danced well.
Lamentamos que ella no haya podido venir a la fiesta.
We regret that she was unable to come to the party.

3. Actions that will have been completed at a point in the future.

Quiero que hayáis escrito 5 páginas para el lunes.
I want you to have written 5 pages by Monday.
Es posible que ustedes hayan vuelto para marzo.
It is possible that you will have returned by March.

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