Spanish Present Perfect Indicative
Ok! So how do you form the present perfect?
Present Perfect Indicative Formula
present indicative of haber + past participle of another verb
Now check out these examples of the present perfect.
Present Perfect Examples
For talking about actions that happened in the recent past, the present perfect is more widely used in Spain than in Latin America. It's more common to hear the preterite, or simple past, used in Latin America to talk about something that just happened.
Haber and Pronoun Placement
Haber, the auxiliary verb used with the present perfect, and the past participle are never separated a present perfect construction. If object pronouns are used with the present perfect, they go immediately before haber.
Present Perfect or Present Simple?
- The present perfect may be used to talk about an action still in progress, but it's also common to use the present tense to do this.
- The present perfect may be used to talk about something that was just done, but it's almost very common to use acabar de to do this.