Spanish Indicative Mood


The indicative (el indicativo ) is one of three moods in Spanish, the other two being the subjunctive and the imperative. The indicative mood is used to talk about actions, events, or states that are believed to be facts or true. It is typically used for making factual statements or describing obvious qualities of a person or situation.

The indicative mood includes many verb tenses to express the above situations in four different time periods:

1. Present (simple present and present perfect)

Maria es una mujer muy alta e inteligente.
Maria is a very tall and intelligent woman.
Ángela ha estudiado español por cuatro años.
Angela has studied Spanish for four years.

2. Past (simple past, imperfect, and past perfect)

Luis habló con su madre ayer.
Luis spoke with his mother yesterday.
Roberto jugaba con sus amigos cuando se rompió el brazo.
Roberto was playing with his friends when he broke his arm.
Joaquín había viajado mucho antes de conocer a su esposa.
Joaquin had traveled a lot before he met his wife.

3. Future (informal future, simple future, and future perfect)

Anita va a ver una película.
Anita is going to watch a movie.
Te llamaré mañana por la tarde.
I will call you tomorrow afternoon.
Ya habré cocinado la cena.
I will have made dinner already.

4. Conditional (simple conditional and conditional perfect)

Me gustaría un té helado, por favor.
I would like an iced tea, please.
Habría estudiado más si tuviera el tiempo.
I would have studied more if I had had the time.
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