Spanish Future Subjunctive

Overview

The subjunctive is one of the three moods in Spanish, the other two being the indicative (actions, events, facts) and the imperative (commands). You can find more on the differences between the subjunctive and the indicative here!

The future subjunctive (el futuro del subjuntivo ) is rarely used in modern Spanish. It was traditionally used in complex sentences with WEIRDO verbs that described a hypothetical, future action. Nowadays, the present subjunctive is used in virtually all cases in which the future subjunctive would have been used, but the future subjunctive does still appear, primarily in legal documents and literary contexts, so it’s good to be able to recognize it.

What's WEIRDO again?

Many of the verbs and phrases that require the subjunctive fit into the acronym WEIRDO: Wishes, Emotions, Impersonal expressions, Recommendations, Doubt/Denial, and Ojalá.

Finding the Future Subjunctive Stem

The stem for the future subjunctive is the same as that of the imperfect subjunctive, or the third person plural of the preterite (without the -ron at the end).

Preterite FormFuture Subjunctive Stem
hablaron
 
habla-
tuvieron
 
tuvie-
vieron
 
vie-

Future Subjunctive Stem Examples

infinitive3rd person preteritefuture subjunctive stem
caber
 
cupieroncupie-
dar
 
dierondie-
decir
 
dijerondije-
dormir
 
durmierondurmie-
estar
 
estuvieronestuvie-
haber
 
hubieronhubie-
hacer
 
hicieronhicie-
ir
 
fueronfue-
leer
 
leyeronleye-
tener
 
tuvierontuvie-
pedir
 
pidieronpidie-
poder
 
pudieronpudie-
poner
 
pusieronpusie-
preferir
 
prefirieronprefirie-
querer
 
quisieronquisie-
saber
 
supieronsupie-
sentir
 
sintieronsintie-
ser
 
fueronfue-
traducir
 
tradujerontraduje-
traer
 
trajerontraje-

Irregular Future Subjunctive

Any verb that is irregular in the third person plural of the preterite will maintain that irregularity in the future subjunctive. (Ex. tener )

Future Subjunctive Endings

All conjugations for -ar, -er, and -ir verbs have the same future subjunctive endings:

SubjectEnding
yo-re
-res
usted, él, ella-re
nosotros-remos
vosotros-reis
ustedes, ellos, ellas-ren

The nosotros form of the future subjunctive often has a tilde.

Examples: hubiéremos, supiéremos

Future Subjunctive Examples

No creo que vinieren mis abuelos.
I don’t believe my grandparents will come.
 
Espero que me diere un regalo bueno.
I hope that she will give me a good gift.
 
El que recibiere la mayoría de los votos será presidente.
The one who receives the most votes will be president.
 
Sea lo que fuere.
Let be what will be.
 
Digan lo que dijeren.
Say what should be said.
 

Take a practice quiz!

Practice what you know with our quiz tool.

Did this page answer your question?