Reciprocal Verbs and Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal Verbs

You can use reciprocal verbs to indicate that two or more people are performing an action on one another. The most common translation is that two or more people do something to or with each other.

Antonio y yo nos besamos.
Antonio and I kissed each other.
¿Os conocéis?
Do you all know each other?
Juan y María se casaron.
Juan and Maria got married (to each other).
Los estudiantes se ayudan.
The students help each other.

Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal verbs are a combination of a verb and a reciprocal pronoun. Since reciprocal actions are always two or more people performing an action on or to each other, there are only 3 reciprocal pronouns, and all of them are plural.

List of Reciprocal Pronouns

1st person
to, for, from, or off ourselves
2nd person
to, for, from, or off yourselves
3rd person
to, for, from, or off themselves, yourselves

Note that reciprocal pronouns have the exact same forms as reflexive pronouns. To differentiate a reflexive action from a reciprocal action, the use of expressions such as uno al otro , uno a otro , mutuamente , recíprocamente , entre   , etc. can be added to a phrase to show the subjects are performing the action on each other rather than themselves. All these expressions can be roughly translated as each other, one another or mutually.

Se aman mutuamente.
They love one another.
Se aman uno al otro.
They love each other.
No nos vemos uno a otro.
We can’t see each other.

List of Common Reciprocal Verbs

While there is no definite list of reciprocal verbs, below you will find a chart of some very common ones.

to hug each other
to know each other
to see each other
to help each other
to say good-bye to each other
to fight with each other
to kiss each other
to divorce each other
to get together
to marry each other
to crash into each other
to take turns

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