Reciprocal Verbs and Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal Verbs

You can use reciprocal verbs to indicate that two or more people are performing an action on one another. The most common translation is that two or more people do something to or with each other.

Antonio y yo nos besamos.
Antonio and I kissed each other.
 
¿Os conocéis?
Do you all know each other?
 
Juan y María se casaron.
Juan and Maria got married (to each other).
 
Los estudiantes se ayudan.
The students help each other.
 

Reciprocal Pronouns

Reciprocal verbs are a combination of a verb and a reciprocal pronoun. Since reciprocal actions are always two or more people performing an action on or to each other, there are only 3 reciprocal pronouns, and all of them are plural.

List of Reciprocal Pronouns

PersonSpanishEnglish
1st person
nos
 
to, for, from, or off ourselves
2nd person
os
 
to, for, from, or off yourselves
3rd person
se
 
to, for, from, or off themselves, yourselves

Note that reciprocal pronouns have the exact same forms as reflexive pronouns. To differentiate a reflexive action from a reciprocal action, the use of expressions such as uno al otro , uno a otro , mutuamente , recíprocamente , entre   , etc. can be added to a phrase to show the subjects are performing the action on each other rather than themselves. All these expressions can be roughly translated as each other, one another or mutually.

Se aman mutuamente.
They love one another.
 
Se aman uno al otro.
They love each other.
 
No nos vemos uno a otro.
We can’t see each other.
 

List of Common Reciprocal Verbs

While there is no definite list of reciprocal verbs, below you will find a chart of some very common ones.

abrazarse
to hug each other
 
conocerse
to know each other
 
mirarse
to see each other
 
ayudarse
to help each other
 
despedirse
to say good-bye to each other
 
pelearse
to fight with each other
 
besarse
to kiss each other
 
divorciarse
to divorce each other
 
reunirse
to get together
 
casarse
to marry each other
 
estrellarse
to crash into each other
 
turnarse
to take turns
 

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